5 Write an essay about the Declaration of Independence Who wrote it Why was it

5 write an essay about the declaration of

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5.) Write an essay about the Declaration of Independence. Who wrote it? Why was it written and adopted? What political ideals did it express? How and why did the Second Continental Congress modify it before adopting it? How close to the political ideals it avowed was America in 1776? What importance has the document had in American and world history since 1776? Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, Robert Livingston, and John Adams wrote the Declaration of Independence. In Jefferson's words, the Declaration was written, "In order to place before mankind the common sense of the matter in terms so plain and simple as to command their assent.” The Declaration of Independence was written to explain and announce the decision of the U.S. to be separated from Britain. Because the country was then under British rule for some time, this all-important document was written to justify its independence from the foreign power. The Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Second Continental Congress because John Adams had put forth a resolution earlier in the year. A formal declaration was inevitable. By Jefferson's own admission, the Declaration contained no original ideas, but was instead a statement of sentiments widely shared by supporters of the American Revolution. Jefferson's most immediate sources were two documents written in June 1776: his own draft of the preamble of the Constitution of Virginia, and George Mason's draft of the Virginia Declaration of Rights. The Declaration reaffirmed the idea of government by the consent of the governed. The people have “certain unalienable rights,” of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, and they must establish a government to protect these rights. If the government violates these rights, then the people have the power to change their government. In other words, the government derives its power from the people. Congress methodically edited Jefferson's primary document; having reduced the writing by 1/4; removed unnecessary wording; and improved sentence structure. Congress removed Jefferson's assertion that Britain had forced slavery on the colonies, in order to moderate the document and appease persons in Britain who supported the Revolution. Congress also made some additions. It added two references to God. Having served its original purpose in announcing the independence of the United States, the Declaration was initially neglected in the years immediately following the American Revolution. Early celebrations of Independence Day, like early histories of the Revolution, largely
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ignored the Declaration. Although the act of declaring independence was considered important, the text announcing that act attracted little attention. Since then the Declaration has been referenced to and plays an important role in American society and is maintained as an example of how far we’ve come in terms of our independence because of that document. Sources tm - written.html - declaration-ideas.html
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