Research question five research question five

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Research Question FiveResearch question five addressed the level of civility perception withinprogram by faculty.The level of civility was on a scale from 0-100 with 0reflecting absence of civility and 100 reflecting completely civil.The overall meanwas 63.37 with a SD 28.98.Scores ranged from 4 to 100.Faculty in differentprogram types scored closely to the overall mean with associate faculty scoringM=64.52, baccalaureate M=63.03, and graduate M=62.71 reflecting facultyperceptions that civility is more predominant than incivility in programs.Althoughit is reassuring to see some faculty perceive complete civility within theirprogram, the level of incivility in programs rated at a level of 4 is alarming at theseverity of the level of civility.
98Research Question SixThe final research question analyzed the differences of faculty by programtype in perceptions of workplace incivility behaviors, occurrence of incivility,extent of incivility, and engagement of incivility.The result of ANOVA analysis ofworkplace incivility behaviors were not significant related to program types F (2,166) =1.41,p=0.246.The occurrences of incivility behaviors F (2, 166) =.03,p=.973 were not significant related to program types nor was extent of incivility F(2, 166) =.11,p=.894 related to program type.A chi-square test of independencewas performed to examine the relation between engagement of incivility andprogram types.The relationship between variables was not significantX2=7.298,df = 8.As defined by Clark and Springer (2007a) incivility is "rude or disruptivebehaviors that may result in psychological or physiological distress for the peopleinvolved and, if left unaddressed, may progress into threatening situations" (p. 8).In direct contrast to incivility is civility which according to Clark and Carnosso(2008) is "an authentic respect for others that requires time, presence,willingness to engage in genuine discourse and intention to seek commonground" (p. 12).Evaluation of the concept of incivility in the form of faculty-to-faculty incivility in this research is achieved through the use of the Bandura's(1977) social learning theory.Social learning theory explains human behaviorthrough recognition of how people think and characteristics determining uncivil,learned behaviors. The social norm that is the base for faculty evaluating incivilityis the concept civility.Using the acceptable behaviors of civility, incivility is an
99observed and learned behavior as noted by Bandura (1977).Prior research byClark, Barbosa-Leiker, Gill, and Nguyen (2015) conducted a factor analysis onthe 24 incivility behaviors in the INE-R.The behaviors loaded on two factors,high level and low level incivility.Faculty in this research reported behaviors ofincivility on over one-third of the 24 behaviors as high level civility (makingcondescending or rude remarks toward others, exerting superiority, abusingposition, or rank over others, making discriminating comments directed towardothers, making rude gestures or nonverbal behaviors toward others, sendinginappropriate or rude emails to others , threats of physical harm against others,

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Term
Fall
Professor
Dr Naveed
Tags
Nursing, The Land, faculty member, Cynthia Clark

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