The propagandists employed various means in order to

Info icon This preview shows pages 8–10. Sign up to view the full content.

free from the clutches of the Catholic church. The propagandists employed various means in order to forward their agenda. They published the La Solidaridad to voice out their concerns. They even went out to talk with Spanish politicians to gain their support. And some even joined the Order of the Masons in Europe to further their goals. The Failure of the Reform/Propaganda Movement The main possible reasons why the movement failed were: (1) there was a violent opposition on the part of the government and the friars to the idea of changes in the political, social, and economic fields; (2) the infighting within the movement. With the failure of the movement, aggressive and nationalistic elements of the population particularly in Manila decided to proceed with the revolutionary plan without the counsel of the intelligentsia. Henceforth the Katipunan was born. La Liga Filipina As soon as Rizal arrived in the Philippines in 1892, he proposed the founding of a society that would provide protection for its members. On the night of July 3, 1892, Rizal founded and inaugurated La Liga Filipina. Rizal worked hard to expand its activities and to enlist the sympathy and help of the intellectuals and patriots. Among the leading members of the association were Ambrosio Salvador, Bonifacio Arevalo, Agustin dela Rosa and Deodato Arellano. Rizal would be arrested and detained in Fort Santiago. And by July 7, 1892 he would be deported to Dapitan by Governor-General Despujol. After Rizal’s deportat ion, the Liga languished and not long after it was dissolved. The dissolution of the Liga led to a split of its membership. On the one hand were the intellectuals who were insistent in the belief that something could be done miraculously by La Solidaridad. This group
Image of page 8

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

was called the Cuerpo de Compromisarios. On the other hand, were the plebeians headed by Andres Bonifacio, who had lost all faith in the Spanish administration. Guide question: What is the significance of the Rizal s La Liga in the growing nationalist movement? The Katipunan and Andres Bonifacio On the night of Rizal’s deportation to Dapitan , July 7, 1892 , another secret organization was being established. At No. 72 Azcarraga St , several members of the now defunct La Liga, including Andres Bonifacio, Deodato Arellano, Valentin Diaz, Teodoro Plata, Ladislao Diwa, Jose Dizon and a few others decided to create the Kataastaasang Kagalang-galang na Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan. The political objective of the said organization was to separate from the mother country. Its civic and social aim is to help and defend the poor and the oppressed. And its moral objective revolved around the teaching of good manners, democratic morality, attacking religious fanaticism and the weakness of character. The triangle method, used for recruiting and indoctrinating the members to the principles of Katipunan was known as hasik. The method was not that effective as only 300 members were recruited by the end of 1893. As a response, the founding members of the Katipunan would later on allow the new recruits to take on as many candidates as possible.
Image of page 9
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '07
  • SIAO
  • Philippine Revolution, Katipunan

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern