30. State-centred theory 31. Pluralist theory 32. Elite theory 33. Power-balance theory 34. Structuralist Marxism a. The state acts as an arm of big business. It is constrained to do so by the nature of the economic system. b. There exist large, persistent, wealth-based inequalities in political influence and political participation. c. Politics involves negotiation and compromise among various interest groups. Because no one group dominates, democracy is guaranteed. d. The state structures power independently of the way power is distributed among classes. e. The shifting distribution of power among classes influences which party dominates. 35. A social movement activist addresses a rally. She highlights injustices that have not previously featured in the movement’s public statements, analyzes the causes of those injustices in an especially clear and compelling manner, and stresses the likelihood of the movement’s success in overcoming those injustices. What is she doing? a. mobilizing resources b. increasing relative deprivation c. framing her appeal d. redistributing power
36. What effect did the emergence of the modern state around 1700 have on the structure of social movements?