PSCYHOLOGY
Chapter 01, Multiple Choice.pdf

Researchers find that attendance at horror movies is

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62. Researchers find that attendance at horror movies is associated with neuroticism. They conclude that attending horror movies causes people to be more neurotic. Which of the following statements does NOT describe a problem with their claim? A) It's possible that instead neurotic people like horror movies more than other people do. B) It's possible that watching horror films reminds people of their real-life problems, and this in turn makes them more neurotic. C) People who are lonely may be both more neurotic and more likely to attend horror movies. D) Horror movies may be marketed in ways designed to be more appealing for neurotic individuals, causing them to attend such movies at a higher rate. 63. A study was conducted showing that the amount of violent television watched in childhood positively predicted the number of aggressive acts committed in adulthood. This study is BEST considered an example of a(n): 64. The _____ method can be used to make researchers more confident about likely causal order.
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65. A study in which a researcher takes active control of an independent variable, manipulates it, and observes its effect on a dependent variable is called a(n): 66. In experimental research, the _____ is what we believe is being affected by the _____, which we believe to be the “cause.” A) interaction; correlation coefficient B) correlation coefficient; interaction C) independent variable; dependent variable D) dependent variable; independent variable 67. In an experiment, the “measured” variable is also known as the _____ variable. 68. When we randomly assign participants to different conditions of a variable, we are creating a(n): 69. _____ refers to the judgment that for a particular experiment, it is possible to conclude that the independent variable caused the change in the dependent variable. 70. Research demonstrates that when black and white students are reminded of their race (or not) before taking a test, black students, but not white students, show lowered performance in the condition where they are reminded of their race. This result shows:
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A) a general effect of race on test performance. B) a general effect of the extent to which people are thinking about their race on test performance. C) an interaction between race of participant and the extent to which people are thinking about their race before a test. D) a correlation between racial identity and the extent to which one is thinking about their race prior to a test.
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