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9:11:12 The Scientific Revolution

Revolution of the heavenly bodies published in 1543

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(revolution of the heavenly bodies) – published in 1543 right when he died; was Catholic Tycho Brahe (1543-1601): astronomer, alchemist, politician; De Stella Nova spotted a new star in a constellation - 1573 groundbreaking, b/c people believed the Heavens were unchanging; Tychonic System of the Universe; everything revolves around the Earth
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9/11/12 Johannes Kepler (1571-1630): mathematician, alchemist, horoscopes, Neo- Platonist; Kepler’s Laws of Planetary Motion – planets orbit the sun in elliptical orbits; all of nature was integrated to a greater whole; his mother was tried as a witch; modified Brahe’s work – first astronomer to use telescope; laws of distance from the sun Galileo Galilei (1564-1642): “The Father of Modern Astronomy”; champion of Copernicus’ theories, new celestial observations; struggle with the Catholic Church; worked on Kepler’s laws of Planetary Motion; use of quantitative experiments; idea that the Heavens were not immutable; controversial to religion; Church forced him to be excommunicated or executed; he’s a devout Christian & wasn’t trying to work against the Church; put under house arrest until death
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