Conformity with nordic ecolabel or swan standard is

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which operates under the direction of the Ministry for the Environment. Conformity with Nordic Ecolabel or Swan standard is veri fi ed by an independent organization (third party) following ISO 17011 Accreditation, ISO 17021 Management system certi fi cation, and ISO 17025 Testing and Calibration Laboratories. Fig. 9 EU ecolabel (EU) (Japan). Retrieved from, Fig. 10 Swan ecolabel (Nordic) (Japan). Retrieved from, 164 A.K. Roy Choudhury
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8.11 Austrian Ecolabel Ö sterreichisches Umweltzeichen , the Austrian Ecolabel (Fig. 11 ), is primarily for consumers but also for manufacturers and public procurement. The eco-label pro- vides consumers with guidance in order to choose products or services that are the least hazardous to the environment or health. The eco-label draws the consumer s attention to aspects of the environment, health, and quality ( fi tness for use). 8.12 Singapore Green Label Scheme (SGLS) The Singapore Green Label Scheme (SGLS; Fig. 12 ) aims to help the public identify environmentally friendly products that meet certain eco-standards speci fi ed by the scheme. It seeks to encourage eco-consumerism in Singapore as well as to identify the growing demand for greener products in the market. The scheme hopes to encourage manufacturers to design and manufacture with the environment in mind. It was launched in May 1992 by the Ministry of the Environment. It was handed over to the Singapore Environment Council (SEC) on 5 June 1999 and is currently under the authority of the SEC. Fig. 11 Austrian ecolabel (Austria). Retrieved from, Fig. 12 SGLS (Singapore). Retrieved from, Development of Eco-labels for Sustainable Textiles 165
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8.13 Milieukeur Label Milieukeur is the Dutch environmental quality label (Fig. 13 ) for products and services. There are Milieukeur criteria for a wide variety of food products, con- sumer products and services, ranging from vegetables, potatoes, fruit, beer, pork, trees and plants to concrete products, fi re extinguishers, orists, butchers, green electricity, and car washes. The Milieukeur criteria relate to the entire lifecycle of the product or service and represent an integrated approach to sustainability. The Milieukeur certi fi cation schemes cover a diverse range of sustainability issues, including raw materials, energy and water consumption, noxious substances, packaging and waste, plant protection, fertilizers, animal welfare, nature management, food safety, and employee care. Milieukeur is supported by the Dutch government. 8.14 Oeko-Tex Standard 100 The Oeko-Tex Standard 100 (Fig. 14 ) is a globally uniform testing and certi fi cation system for textile raw materials, intermediate, and end products at all stages of production. The certi fi cation covers multiple human-ecological attributes, including harmful substances that are prohibited or regulated by law, chemicals that are known to be harmful to health but are not of fi cially forbidden, and parameters that are included as a precautionary measure to safeguard health.
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