Social conditions palaquin bride would ride inside

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-Social conditions -palaquin (bride would ride inside for transport) -The founding of the Yi (choson) Dynasty in 1392 a period of reform that still affects the lives of Korean women today -The ideological basis for the reforms was Neo-Confucianism form a new bureaucracy, land reforms, increase agricultural -Did not like Buddhism and “egalitarianism” -Founders of Choson thought that Buddhism had become corrupt -there are metaphysical relationships between the real world The cosmic order consisted of 5 relationships obetween sovereign and subjects obetween father and son obetween husband and wife obetween elder and younger obetween friends obelieved the human world and the cosmic world had to be in equilibrium o5 relationships stressed a hierarchal order oEveryone should know their place in society to ensure harmony oFor Confucianism, all relations are rooted in the union of man and woman oHierarchical order between the sexes had cosmological authority and was necessary for the proper functioning of society Before Marriage Training oOne form of training was a text called Illustrated conducts of three bonds (samgang haengsilto) a collection of stories about the proper application of the three social bonds ofaithful minister, filial son, chaste women ANOTHER BOOK, INSTRUCTIONS FOR WOMEN (naehun)
otaught girls the four basics of womanly behavior: oMoral conduct, proper speech, proper appearance, womanly tasks oMarriage rules changed drastically during the Yi dynasty oMarriage between 2 groups, reproductive economic importanceo1 of the most important new rules was the prohibition against marriage between close relativesmarriage was vital and was a womens transition to adulthood Married LifeoIn Confucianism, there is a clear distinction between male and female spheres and the public domain dominated the domestic oThe bride lived in the inner quarters of the house her freedom of movement was limited oUntil the wife bore a son, her position in the family was insecure owomen were not valued for individualityomiddle class started to rise during the end of Choson period Secondary wivesoDistinction between primary and secondary wives had consequences for the children of the secondary wife did not receive full social recognition Widowhood oConfucian ideology stressed that the greatest of womanly virtues was her devotion to her husband and his lineage ochildren of remarried widows were punished by being excluded from government serviceLegal RestrictionsoConfucian ethics were based on the principle that a loyal subject could serve only one king and a chaste wife could serve only one husband -in order for the kingdom to function properly the family had to be proper oDiscrimination between sons of wives and concubines helped to maintain power in the hands of a limited Yangban elite (kwago examination) oA man could divorce his wife if she was guilty of any of one of the “7 deadly sins” o-disrespectful to inlaws, failing to bare a son, committing adultery, hereditary disease, spending too much money, displaying jealousy, talking too much Shin Sa Im Dango

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