” or “reference ” except at the beginning of asentence: “Reference  shows ... .” Number footnotesseparately in superscripts (Insert | Footnote).1Place theactual footnote at the bottom of the column in which it iscited; do not put footnotes in the reference list (endnotes).Use letters for table footnotes (see Table I). Please note that the references at the end of thisdocument are in the preferred referencing style. Give allauthors’ names; do not use “et al.” unless there are sixauthors or more. Use a space after authors' initials. Papersthat have not been published should be cited as“unpublished” . Papers that have been submitted forpublication should be cited as “submitted for publication”. Papers that have been accepted for publication, but notyet specified for an issue should be cited as “to bepublished” . Please give affiliations and addresses forprivate communications .Capitalize only the first word in a paper title, except forproper nouns and element symbols. For papers published intranslation journals, please give the English citation first,followed by the original foreign-language citation .C.Abbreviations and AcronymsDefine abbreviations and acronyms the first time they areused in the text, even after they have already been definedin the abstract. Abbreviations such as SI, ac, and dc do nothave to be defined. Abbreviations that incorporate periodsshould not have spaces: write “C.N.R.S.,” not “C. N. R. S.”Do not use abbreviations in the title unless they areunavoidable (for example, “Journal Name” in the title ofthis article).D.EquationsNumber equations consecutively with equation numbersin parentheses flush with the right margin, as in (1). Firstuse the equation editor to create the equation. Then select1the “Equation” markup style. Press the tab key and writethe equation number in parentheses. To make yourequations more compact, you may use the solidus ( / ), theexp function, or appropriate exponents. Use parentheses toavoid ambiguities in denominators. Punctuate equationswhen they are part of a sentence, as in.)()()||(exp)]2(/[),(021100202drJrJzzrddrrFiijr(1)Be sure that the symbols in your equation have beendefined before the equation appears or immediatelyfollowing. Italicize symbols (Tmight refer to temperature,but T is the unit tesla). Refer to “(1),” not “Eq. (1)” or“equation (1),” except at the beginning of a sentence:“Equation (1) is ... .”E.Other RecommendationsUse one space after periods and colons. Hyphenatecomplex modifiers: “zero-field-cooled magnetization.”Avoid dangling participles, such as, “Using (1), thepotential was calculated.” [It is not clear who or what used(1).] Write instead, “The potential was calculated by using(1),” or “Using (1), we calculated the potential.”Use a zero before decimal points: “0.25,” not “.25.” Use“cm3,” not “cc.” Indicate sample dimensions as “0.1 cm 0.2 cm,” not “0.1 0.2 cm2.” The abbreviation for“seconds” is “s,” not “sec.” Do not mix complete spellings
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