DSST Fundamentals of counseling

True or false to effectively counsel a gay or lesbian

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Unformatted text preview: True or False: To effectively counsel a gay or lesbian client the counselor should be gay or lesbian him or her self. False The two most important factors in being able to effectively counsel someone who identifies themselves as homosexual is (1) the ability to speak comfortably about sexual issues and (2) the understanding that gay men and lesbian women need to explore normalcy and self actualization not trying to find a cure. Since the first diagnosis of AIDS in 1981, counselors have had to readjust their methods for dealing with terminal illness. Unlike other terminal diseases, AIDS affects more than an individual, it affects an entire social network and culture. For this reason counseling AIDS patients requires a specific skill set and mental attitude. Often counselors go into the client’s environment and become an active member of the clinical team including medical doctors as well as social supporters. As AIDS spreads to the heterosexual population, counselors are being called on to help people deal with their “fear of AIDS.” The disease is so nondiscriminatory and lethal that there is a widespread fear across cultures of contracting HIV and developing AIDS. Soon a majority of counselors will be or have been working with someone whose life was touched by AIDS so developing an understanding of the issues surrounding the devastation is critical. Counseling older adults typically involves helping them through transition periods in their life. Whether they are transitioning to retirement or out of their home and into an extended care facility, change is difficult. As more Americans are getting to be over 65, specific strategies for counseling aging adults will be critical. Helping adults to age successfully rather than just transition successfully will likely take on more importance as the elderly population rises. Substance abuse is defined as the abuse of any substance (alcohol, drugs, paint, etc..) that alters the conscious state of an individual and creates problems behaving in society and coping with life. Substance abuse is becoming more and more prevalent and the need for counselors specific to substance abuse keeps growing. Counseling this population requires an understanding of the psychological manifestations of the drug abuse as well as the physical symptoms such as cravings and withdrawal. Substance abuse counseling is difficult because often clients are in therapy involuntarily. Because someone other than the client often imposes the relationship, developing a therapeutic relationship can be very challenging. Typically drug abuse coincides with illegal activity so the willingness to share information openly and honestly is also compromised....
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True or False To effectively counsel a gay or lesbian...

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