All that was found of the lost colony of Roanoke o Failure no profit English

All that was found of the lost colony of roanoke o

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 16 pages.

All that was found of the lost colony of Roanoke oFailure- no profit; English gave up once again Virginia- where Jamestown is located; paralled by another colony in the north colonized by the English Jamestown (1607)- named after King James I King of England at the timeo105 settlers boarded the ship, but 39 died en route so only about ~70 people made it across the ocean
Background image
oMost died during the first year before the supply ship returnedoDid not know how to adapt to the climate, or what food to harvesto1608- only 38 people still alive Starving time (1609-1610)- Jamestown; reduced to a diet of rats, insects and probably human fleshoOnly about 50/ 500 survived this starving time o1610s- started to be able to fend for themselves and by the late 1610s Jamestown became an important place b/c the Native Americans showed the English how to grow and cultivate tobacco (became the main cash crop) Pilgrims (1620)- New England area; came to N. America for religious reasons- out to break away from the Anglican church and go practice religion on their own terms oLanded in November of 1620- experienced their own starving times, hard winteroSurvived but did not grow, existed in the Cape Cod area for ~10 yearsoSupplanted by the dominant religion- PuritansPuritans (1630s-1650s)- represent all the power and views of W. civilization: technology, education, wealth, religion oMore destructive on the environment than anyone else who had came before oJohn Winthrop (1587-1649)- leader of the Puritans; wealthy English squireoProtestants- wanted to move away from the Church of England (essentially still Catholicism) and reform it; believed that they could live their life’s the way they wanted to in America o17 ships, over 1,000 people came on ships and established Boston in 1630oEnglish- sent whole families to establish themselves permanently; different from the French and English oPart of the wilderness- easy justification for them taking the Indian lands Massachusetts Bay Colony- colony which the Puritans established“A city on a hill”- shining beacon of proper Christianity; established by the Puritans to show people how to practice religiouslyoOrderly planned societyoEstablished trade relationsoBest lumber for masts existed in N. England so they would export it and then eventually established their own ship buildingoMined metals, fished oBelieved that they were Gods people and were doing the right thing -> therefore they should expand Pequot War- (1637) Winthrop armed his men and made war on the Indians bc they refused to leave their landoEnglish with their superior technology wiped out the Pequots and killed or enslaved every last one of them oPequot Indians- tribe which lived to the West of the Puritans oSelf righteous/ divine justification- springboard for further immigrationMidterm: one essay on either the preservation movement or utilitarian conservation up to the early 20thc.
Background image
Image of page 3

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 16 pages?

  • Fall '15
  • G.Graves
  • Thirteen Colonies, National Park Service, John Muir, Hetch Hetchy Valley, Yosemite National Park

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture