But a successful reproductive experiment is one that is passed to more and more

But a successful reproductive experiment is one that

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more-complex kids do better, sometimes smaller or simpler ones do better. But, a successful reproductive  “experiment” is one that is passed to more and more children in successive generations, and all members of a  population are likely to have that successful experiment sometime in the future. , Points Earned:, 1/1 Correct Answer:, D Your Response:, D 8., You develop a new idea, which is in conflict with a widely accepted scientific idea. For your new idea to gain  widespread acceptance, you probably will need to show that:
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, A., Your new idea does a better job than the previously accepted idea in predicting the outcomes of an  interlocking web of important experiments or observations. B., Your new idea does a better job than the previously accepted idea in predicting the outcome of one  experiment that you conducted. C., Your new idea is informed by Diet Pepsi ads. D., Your new idea is consistent with your interpretation of received wisdom from sacred books. E., The development of the old idea was influenced by the socially conditioned ideas of the scientists involved. At last observation, Pepsi commercials were not highly scientific, even if science is involved in figuring out what  sells. It is a romantic notion that you could overturn great knowledge with a single observation; however,  observing nature is not easy, and nature occasionally fools us (you can, rarely, flip an honest coin twenty times  and get twenty heads), so if a single observation disagrees with a lot of other information, that single  observation will be checked in various ways to see if the new result “stands up” before the older body of  knowledge is discarded. Before an idea gains wide currency, that idea is tried in various ways, in many labs, in  many places in nature, while models are run and theory is developed. The interlocking of all of these provides  the confidence that scientists can use in doing things successfully. Although received wisdom from sacred  books can be used for inspiration, scientific ideas must be tested against nature. Social scientists have quite  rightly learned that scientists are affected by their prejudices, their funding sources, their mating habits, and  other things, and that the path of science is not nearly the straight-ahead road to understanding presented in  some textbooks. Unfortunately, some of those social scientists have then gone off the deep end and claimed  that science is no more useful than any other human story—claiming that astrology and astronomy are equally  valid, for example, or palm-reading and modern medicine. These same social scientists seem to know where to  find a real doctor when they get in trouble, however. Science is appealed to nature, and builds on the learning 
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