Elements to be considered when designing a training sessionHealth and safety considerationsProviding an overview of the session to athletes (goal specific)Warm up and cool downSkill instructions and practiceConditioningEvaluationHealth and Safety considerationsConsideration needs to be given to safety. To ensure that athletes can participate safely. This means equipment and facilities should be safe and well maintained. Coaching methods should also be based on safe practicesto minimise the risk of injury to participants.Providing an overview of the session to athletesTo psychologically prepare the athletes for the training session, the coach briefly meets with them to explain the objectives and activities involves in the session. Athletes then need to be instructed effectively if they are to perform the tasks well.Warm up and cool downObjective of a warm is to prepare the athlete physically and mentally for the demands of the training session. The warm up increases in intensity until athlete is prepared for the full training demands. Skill instructions and practiceAfter warm up and stretch the coach explains what will happen in the series of drills to follow. The explanation should be brief so that the effect of the warm-up is not lost. The practice of skills and strategies is usually the main part of the in-season training session. If new skill or strategy is tobe learnt is should be straight after the warm up.ConditioningGeneral fitness conditioning should occur after skill practices to avoid the practice being adversely affected by fatigue or poor light fitness conditioning should last for about 15-20 mins with an intensity of 70 -85%.Condition includes interval training and continuous training and other
forms like calisthenics but the exceptions are fartlek training and fatigue loading, which involve tiring the athlete to practice performing skills while fatigued.EvaluationAn evaluation should occur during or after the cool down. An evaluation should address performance goals and outcomes. Evaluation also needs toaddress behavioural outcomes. Players are given the chance to express opinions on issues that may have arisen from the training session. Individuals with specific problems need to have special arrangement. Evaluate for the following week (review game performance)Planning to avoid overtrainingAmount and intensity of trainingPhysiological considerations (lethargy, injury)Psychological considerations (loss of motivation)Amount and intensity of training oTraining schedule must allow for at least one day of rest, or lighter trainingoTraining intensity needs to differ from session to sessionoThe overload principle does not need to be applied to every sessionoAttention needs to be given to volume and intensity when constructing periodization chartsoChange of training environmentoRecovery sessions can be varied with strategies and videos usedoAdequate sleep is requiredoAdequate intake of carbohydrates and fluids is crucial in maintaining energy and hydration levels.