Role-of-advocacy-against-child-labour.pdf

Important areas where csos in kenya have contributed

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Important areas where CSOs in Kenya have contributed significantly by means of advocacy include the enactment of the Children Act 2001, Sexual Offences Act 2006, the formulation of policies on Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC), child labour, education and of recent the national children’s policy. Another area is the creation of a national child protection system, known as a framework for child protection systems in Kenya, among others. For this to happen, massive awareness-raising and lobbying with different significant groups ranging from donors, international organizations, intergovernmental organizations, government ministries and children themselves were undertaken. The remaining challenge, however, is to attribute all these accomplishments to CSOs only. Thus, there is a need for documenting some of the activities of some CSOs in Kenya in these processes.
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CMI REPORT THE ROLE OF ADVOCACY AGAINST CHILD LABOUR 2015: 2 2 1.1 Background 1.1.1 Civil Society Organizations and Advocacy in Kenya The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of advocacy by CSOs, using a case study of the African Network for the Prevention and Protection against Child Abuse and Neglect (ANPPCAN) in relation to its child labour activities in Kenya. CSOs undertake development work that complements that of the government. All are registered under state regulations, whether they are Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs); Community-Based Organizations (CBOs); Foundations or Trusts. The NGOs are registered by an NGO Board, which is a parastatal body created by the government under the NGO Act. They are either registered as International NGOs or National NGOs. There is also a Council for NGOs which plays a regulatory role. ANPPCAN is registered in Kenya as an International NGO, because of its continental outlook. A large number of NGOs in Kenya deal with children issues, especially, child rights, ANPPCAN among them. The majority of NGOs operating in Kenya has used advocacy to push for issues with notable success as stated above. ANPPCAN has used advocacy in many of its programmes, including child labour. It is the child labour programme that is being reviewed in terms of advocacy activities. Advocacy, in its most basic form, is intended to change an existing situation that is unfavourable to a particular group of people. To ANPPCAN advocacy was seen as undertaking a series of actions specifically aimed at persuading and influencing behaviour of different groups in Kenya to address child labour. At the national level it targeted the policy-makers and implementers: ministries and government machineries with authority to deal with children issues in the country, as well as members of parliament. At the district level the targeted groups were those with authority to deal with children issues at district level, in respect of education, social welfare, planning (economic), administration (political) protection (police, department for children services, judiciary, among others) and health (Ministry of Health).
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  • Spring '17
  • Districts of Kenya, Nairobi, Child labour, Ministry of Labour

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