Solo leading male singer - Performer of midaf - Free, non metered, without drums · Themes of lyrics - Courage, fantasy, agony · Musical style (drones, rising melodic gestures etc and what they symbolize) - Drones symbolize the sounds of the sea - Melodic gestures symbolize the sounds of waves - Listening: · Midaf Identify: genre, singers’ involved, rhythm, place of origin, context, important musical features - Performed by Nahham - High pitched and nasal WEEK 8 Topic: Is Music Haram? Know basic info about the following terms/concepts (essentially, know what they mean/entail): · Haram - Sinful and illegal according to doctrines of the Islamic law · Censorship of Rai (Algeria) - 1990s ban on Rai music (genre of Algerian pop) · Music censorship and the Taliban - · Music censorship and Kemal Ataturk
- Kemal Ataturk: founder of the republic of Turkey (1923) who implemented reforms that rapidly secularized and westernized the country - Under his rule, the historical traditional music genres of Ottoman art music and Turkish folk music were banned - The bans were a part of a series of reforms to modernize Turkey · Hadith: do they support /not support music? (see textbook regarding specific musical instruments) - · Music and female dancing: halal or haram and why? (see quote in powerpoint) - Haram: sinful to the eye · Factors taken in account when considering music as halal/haram (for instance, lyrics, settings, etc) - Too much devoted to performances distracts the believers attention - Disreputable places such as night clubs and taverns featuring alcohol - The majority of arab pop presents the theme of love while avoiding daring, vulgar and overtly sexual lyrics (all things haram) · Islamic (Iranian) revolution - Overthrow of Iran’s monarchy under Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi and its replacement with an Islamic republic under Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the 1979 revolution · Iranian pop music videos: why do female singers hide their faces? - Women are perceived as more enticing than men so excitement aroused by looking is considered more powerful than excitement aroused by listening - if caught, they may be sentenced · Music censorship in Iran: rules on who can sing; musical genres - Women are not allowed to sing - Genres: Iranian folk music, Iranian classical or “traditional” music and Iranian pop music · Meaning of separation between human/divine (see textbook, page 94) - One needs to maintain a separation between the sacred and the secular · Genres and acceptability (hierarchy, which genres are more “halal” than others? provide examples; see powerpoint) - Quran> Azan> Wedding music> songs associated with alcohol/nightclubs (haram) WEEK 9 Topic: Arab Classical Music Know basic info about the following terms/concepts (essentially, know what they mean/entail): · Qanun - “Law” or “rule”
- Leader is playing, directing Takht ensemble, taking decisions from when to start, what to play next, when to improvise · Nay - Flute aerophone made of reed - Open at both ends - 9 segments/ 8 nodes - 7 finger holes - Plays arab art and sufi music · Takht ensemble - Small ensemble popular in arab art music of the late 19th early 20th century -
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- Spring '14
- Ottoman Empire, Arabic music