75%(4)3 out of 4 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 9 - 11 out of 40 pages.
He is infamous for his tirades against players, officials, fans, and the media.Clearly, he is easily moved to experience anger. But take Microsoft CEO BillGates, who is known for his relatively distant, unemotional, analytical nature.He rarely displays anger.So Bobby Knight and Bill Gates have tendencies to experiencea particularmood or emotion. But, as we mentioned earlier, some people are predisposedto experience anyemotion more intensely. Such people are high on affectintensity, or “individual differences in the strength with which individuals expe-rience their emotions.”36While most people might feel slightly sad at onemovie or be mildly amused at another, someone high on affect intensity wouldcry like a baby at a sad movie and laugh uncontrollably at a comedy. We mightdescribe such people as “emotional” or “intense.” So, emotions differ in their
CHAPTER 8Emotions and Moods267intensity, but people also differ in how predisposed they are to experience emo-tions intensely. If a person gets really mad at a coworker, he would be experi-encing an emotion intensely. But if that person gets mad, or excited, really eas-ily, then he would be high on the personality trait of affect intensity.Also, positive events are more likely to affect the positive mood and positiveemotions of extraverts, and negative events are more likely to influence the neg-ative mood and negative emotions of those scoring low on emotional stability.37To illustrate, let’s say there are two friends who work together—Paul and Alex.Paul scores high on extraversion and emotional stability. Alex scores low onboth. One day at work, Paul and Alex learn they’re going to earn a commissionfor a sale their work group made. Later the same day, their boss stops by andyells at them for no apparent reason. In this situation, you’d expect Paul’s posi-tive affect to increase more than Alex’s because Paul is more extraverted andattends more to the good news of the day. Conversely, you’d expect Alex’s neg-ative affect to increase more than Paul’s because Alex scores lower on emo-tional stability and therefore tends to dwell on the negative event that day.Day of the Week and Time of the DayMost people are at work or schoolMonday through Friday. For most of us, that means the weekend is a time ofrelaxation and leisure. Does that suggest that people are in their best moods onthe weekends? Well, actually, yes. As Exhibit 8-3 shows, people tend to be inpositivity offsetTendency of mostindividuals to experience a mildly positivemood at zero input (when nothing inparticular is going on).affect intensityIndividual differences inthe strength with which individualsexperience their emotions.Negative moods are highest on Sundays andMondays and fall throughout the weekPositive moods are highestat the end of the weekSun.Mon.Tues.Wed.Thurs.Fri.Sat.