Objective 8.9Explain the differences among the secure, resistant, disorganized (anxious), and avoidant patterns of attachment. avoidant attachment Infants do not use the caregiver as a secure base from which to explore; instead, they experience their Exercises 1. Identify each pattern of attachment in the table. Disorganized Avoidant Objective 8.10Explain the effects of the authoritarian, authoritative, and permissive parenting styles on children's development. Exercises 1. Classify each of the following as consistent with the (A) authoritarian, (B) authoritative, or (C) permissive parenting styles. (1) __a___ expect children to obey parental commands "because I said so" (2) ___c__ impose few rules on children (3) ___b__ children develop high self-esteem (4) ___b__ both demanding and responsive to children's needs (5) ___a__ children develop poorer social skills 29
(6) __a___ children more likely to be aggressive Objective 8.11 Explain the difference between sex and gender. Key Terms Sex - The properties of a person that determine his or her classification as male or female. Gender - The social and psychological aspects of being female or male; gender goes beyond biological sex to include an individual’s personal understanding of the meaning of being male or female. gender identity - An individual’s multifaceted sense of belonging to the male or female sex. Exercises 1. Match each of the following as consistent with (A) sex, (B) gender, or (C) gender identity. (1) _Gender Identity____ personal sense of psychological maleness or femaleness (2) _Sex____ determined by sex chromosomes (3) __Gender___ psychological and social factors associated with being male or female Objective 8.12 Explain the difference between the social learning and gender schema theory explanations of gender role development. Key Terms Gender Roles- Roles that reflect the individual’s expectation for how a female person and how a male person should think, act, and feel. Exercises 1.
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- Fall '16
- Psychology, Final Exam