Meads 4 schools american national identity o samuel

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mead’s 4 “schools” American national identity o Samuel Huntington – arguably the greatest IR scholar of the last 50 years (or worst) o What determines American “identity” – before interests (know who you are to know what to do) Culture & creed Culture – people (for Am. – America as a melting pot) Creed – universal principles/ founding documents Otherization – need to define yourself through exclusion Ex) through the revolution – no real culture difference between new America and British difference was political so used politics to establish American national identity so political set up imedded much more than other countries who have shifted through political structures clearer national identity with form of gov. Huntington describes how this affects times like open door policy with China and in Cold War Huntington argues that this idea important because US still dealing with end of Cold War and what it means for fp some ways put off by 9/11 After Cold War question about what to deal with after no longer dealing with universally agreed enemy Then fracturing about what US role in world should be when no coherent threat to motivate US foreign policy o Several groups differences submerged after 9/11 Isolationists, Rand Paul types (withdrawn) Realists / McDougall strong Cold Warriors as long as threat need to respond vigorously but in absence of threat accomplish more by doing less Liberal Institutionalists can lock in advantage in world politics through institutions Neoconservatives military activists Chomski-ites skeptical of US power Conflict between commercial and ___ interests that Huntington outlines o Political debates over FP becoming more interesting b/c no longer agreement old cleavages coming to light o Special Providence
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Walter Russell Mead (runs blog to check out at Bard more of a pundit oriented perspective than McDougall who is more of an academic historian) Perspective: his ideas are based in the perspective that US is a democracy is part of what has created great FP decisions in US Rather than viewing FP institutions as terrible or tolerable// for Mead the good part Perspective: similarities and differences with McDougall o Myth of Isolation Does the US have a FP tradition? Argues that the US did have commercial interaction (and cultural) before 20 th C Mead argues that even in period of McDougall’s “old testament” … US still active military power American involvement in global politics Military o By McDougall “turning point” – already engaged in Europe, Asia, Africa, South America, etc… (Navy already active in 1800s) For Mead hugely important Presidential experience o Look at history of US as US gets more wealthy and powerful/ more interests so would think more presidents/ diplomats would have more experience but actually the opposite (in 1800s
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