●Buchanan let them go without opposition■Fort Sumter-Started the Civil WarCivil War“Slavery is gay because you are literally owning a bunch of other men. Miss me with that gayshit”-Abraham Lincoln in his EmancipationProclamationJanuary 1, 1863➢(Misc)○The South believed that they were fighting for states rights○The North believed that they were fighting to preserve the union○Border States-MO, KY, DE, MD didn’t secede despite being slave states➢The Confederacy and Davis’s policies○Davis realized that he was behind the North economically, so he created a large bureaucracy (against Southerner’s wishes) to stimulate the economy○When Southerners started complaining, he declared martial law and suspended habeas corpus (Lincoln did the same in the North)○The rapid economic growth brought by Davis also resulted in rapid inflation○Draft instituted in 1862■Created class conflict-as the rich could be exempt from conscription■Led to many desertions, and lack of support from the people➢The Union○War profiteering was common and corruption was rampant as business tried to
make money off of the war○Inflation was also high in the North due to the rapid economic inflation○Unions were formed as workers began to worry about job security■Union members were often blacklisted and new employees were forced to sign anti-union contracts○Lincoln also suspended habeas corpus○Lincoln instituted the printing of a national currency-in the form of greenbacks (paper money considered to be a precursor to modern currency)➢Emancipation of the Slaves○When the South left Congress, Lincoln had much more freedom to legislate his own ideas.○Confiscation Acts-Allowed the government to seize any Southern property (slaves) and allowed the government to emancipate any slaves of Southern sympathizers■Lincoln, howerer, refused to enforce the second part as he didn’t want theborder states seceding○Lincoln made slavery a big issue because slaves were a key part of the SouthernEconomy and because making slavery an issue would force France and GB (anti-slavery) to not help the South○Emancipation Proclamation-Freed all slaves in the rebelling states.■Enacted after the Battle of Antietam (Union victory), which gave Lincoln the opportunity to make his declaration■Symbolic gesture-Had no physical effect at the time■Did not affect border states■Convinced GB that the war was a moral one about slavery, thus causing them to stop supporting the South (which they were doing by building ships)■Would eventually result in the 13th amendment■Hampton Roads Conference-Lincoln offered to delay the 13th amendment and offer compensation to slave owners, but Davis refused as he was too committed to Southern independence➢Election of 1864○Lincoln v McClellan○McClellan pushed for peace with the South○Anti-Lincoln Sentiments■Copperheads-Accused Lincoln of intending to destroy the South and for
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- Slavery in the United States