Less than 1 days exposure to the sun 3 hours of lawn mowing Resting Metabolic

Less than 1 days exposure to the sun 3 hours of lawn

This preview shows page 39 - 52 out of 66 pages.

Less than 1 day's exposure to the sun. (~ 3 hours of lawn mowing)
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Resting Metabolic Rate Measures the number of calories you burn at rest. Participant rests: 45-60 minutes Quiet room
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Cardiorespiratory Fitness, BMI, and Mortality, ACLS Men 25,389 men followed 8.5 years 673 deaths in 212,364 MY Cardiorespiratory fitness assessed by a maximal exercise test Calculated age-adjusted death rates for BMI and fitness categories Barlow et al. Int J Obes 1995; 19:Suppl 4, S41-4
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Assessment of Body Weight I do not like to subject study participants to the embarrassment of actually measuring their weight, since so many are overweight/obese We have an undergraduate student estimate height and weight of the participants We did a validation study by actually measuring height and weight of 100 consecutive participants The student’s estimate was valid, r=0.4
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Age-Adjusted Death Rates by Fitness and BMI Categories # deaths 133 189 119 63 67 17 75 19 Man-Yrs 25,537 64,103 57,004 15,000 20,749 7,341 14,301 8,240 Deaths/10,000 MY Barlow et al. Int J Obes 1995; 19:Suppl 4, S41-4 Results held after adjustment for health status, smoking, glucose, cholesterol, & BP
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Assessment of Body Weight I do not like to subject study participants to the embarrassment of actually measuring their weight, since so many are overweight/obese We have an undergraduate student estimate height and weight of the participants We did a validation study by actually measuring height and weight of 100 consecutive participants The student’s estimate was valid, r=0.4
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All-cause Mortality CVD Mortality *adjusted for age, exam year, smoking, alcohol, & parental history Lee CD, Blair SN, & Jackson AS. Am J Clin Nurt 1999; 69:373- 80 RR for All-cause and CVD Mortality in Fit and Unfit ACLS Men by Body Fat Categories Body Fat % Body Fat%
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Adjusted RR for All-Cause Mortality by Fitness and Waist Circumference Waist circumference measurements in a subgroup 14,043 men 162 deaths in 78,008 man-years RR adjusted for age, examination year, smoking habit, alcohol intake, and parental history of CHD <87 87-<99 99 Lee CD, Blair SN, & Jackson AS. Am J Clin Nurt 1999; 69:373-80
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Adjusted RR for All-Cause Mortality by Fitness and BMI, ACLS Women Farrell et al. Obes Res . 2002; 10:417-423 *adj for age, exam year, smoking, & health status
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Joint Associations of CRF and % Body Fat with All-cause Mortality, ACLS Adults 60+ Death rate/1,000 person-years Rates adjusted for age, sex and exam year Deaths 151 190 29 72 Sui M et al. JAMA 2007; 298:2507-16
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CVD Mortality Risk* by Fitness and BMI Categories, 2316 Men with Diabetes, 179 CVD Deaths 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Risk of CVD Mortality 18.5 < BMI <25.0 25.0 ≤ BMI <30.0 30.0 ≤ BMI < 35.0 Reference Church TS et al. Arch Int Med 2005; 165:2114 *Adj for age and examination year p for trend <0.0001 p for trend <0.0001 p for trend <0.002
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Attributable Fractions of Health Outcomes For Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Other Predictors, ACLS Attributable fraction (%) is the estimated number of deaths due to a specific characteristic Based on strength of association Prevalence of the condition
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Relative Risks and Attributable Fractions of All-Cause and CVD Mortality by BMI Categories in Men 25,714 (1,025 all-cause and 439 CVD
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