Margaret Garner tried to kill her children before she let them back into slavery. She killed one of the two. The North flouted the Fugitive Slave Act while the South illegally practiced the Slave trade Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin for the antislavery cause 310,000 copies were sold, surpassed that century only by the Bible Credited with playing a role in keeping Britain neutral in the Civil War Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois proposed a transcontinental rail4road from Chicago to the Pacific Coast. Was proposed that what was north of the railroad in Louisiana would be Nebraska and declare free, upsetting the South. Douglas proposed to split Nebraska into Nebraska and Kansas and allow the two states to make their own decision about whether to allow slavery, called it “ popular sovereignty ” Many states were outraged, free-soil advocates joined forced with radical abolitionists in order to protest the law The law was eventually passed, virtually destroying the Whig party
Trevor Croteau Page | 3 The Congressional Elections of 1854 and the Birth of the Republicans Northern Whigs and members of the Free Soil Party came together to create the Republican Party Lincoln campaigned for a spot in the Senate that would let him oppose the Kansas-Nebraska Act Lincoln chose instead to support Republican nominee, Lyman Trumbull, instead of let a democrat win Owing to this, the Republicans began holding substantial positions, and even held the gavel in the House of Representatives Bleeding Kansas and Dred Scott v. Sandford The Kansas-Nebraska Act, however, was still the law of the land The act essentially split the former territory in half – the south is modern state of Kansas, the north is the modern state of Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota Nebraska stayed calm, but Kansas, since it was close to slave and free states, became a place for chaos The proslavery convention at Lecompton, Kansas wrote what came to be known as the Lecompton Constitution Fatally flawed defense of slavery, which allowed slaves to remain slaves Abolitionists boycotted two elections and wound up losing because of it The Supreme Court and Dred Scott Dred Scott v. Sandford
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