Altruism devotion to the interests of others eg when

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Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey
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Chapter 10 / Exercise 30
Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey
Johnson/Mowry
Expert Verified
Altruism: devotion to the interests of others E.g. when a soldier gives up their life to protect their unit Egoistic suicide: results from a lack of integration of the individual to the society because of weak social ties to others, or low social solidarity Anomic suicide: occurs when norms governing behaviour are weakly definedAnomie: without orderTheory: tentative explanation of some aspect of social lifeResearch: process of carefully observing social reality to assess the validity of a theoryValues: ideas about right and wrong, good and bad, essentially a moral standard Social structures: relatively stable patterns of social interactions; three important levels Microstructures: patterns of intimate social relations formed during face to face interactions E.g. families, friendships, work associations Macrostructures: patterns of social relations that lie outside and above your circle of intimates and acquaintances, patterns that are bigger than simple face to face interactions E.g. patriarchy: traditional system of economic and political inequality between men and women in most societies Global structures: international organizations, patterns of worldwide travel and communication, the economic relationships between countries Sociological imagination: a term coined by C. Wright Mills, refers to the ability to see theconnection between personal troubles and social structures The sociological imagination was born when three modern revolutions pushed people to think about society in an entirely new way Scientific revolution: 1550s, encouraged the view that conclusions about the state of the world must be based on the presence of evidenceDemocratic revolution: 1750s, people are responsible for organizing society and human intervention can solve social problems Industrial revolution: 1780s, capitalist exploitation created new social problems that attracted social thinkers Functionalist theories: Durkheim’s suicide theory is an example of a functionalist theory Incorporate four features: Stress that human behaviour is governed by social structures Underlines how social structures maintain or undermine social stability Emphasize that social structures are primarily based on society’s shared values Often suggest that reestablishing social equilibrium can solve most social problems Robert Merton: American functionalist, thought that different social structures canhave different effects on varied groups of people, social structures can be dysfunctional to society, there are two kinds of functions Dysfunctional: disruptiveManifest: visible and intended Latent: invisible and unintended
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Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey
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Chapter 10 / Exercise 30
Mathematics: A Practical Odyssey
Johnson/Mowry
Expert Verified
Conflict theory: emphasizes the centrality of conflict in social life Incorporates four features:Focuses on the relationships between large macro level structures, such as that between classes Shows how major patterns of inequality produce social stability in some cases and social change in others Stresses how members of privileged groups try to maintain their

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