endeavor as well as a matter for everyone are presumed. (71 words) Sample answer 2: Museology is a specialized subject investigating various aspects of museums, which seemingly only the professionals are interested in, yet, since its intimacy with every field of human endeavor from past to present, it shall not be neglected by ordinary people.
49 41. Electric Cars Although we tend to think of electric cars as being something completely modern, they were in fact some of the earliest types of motorized vehicle. At the beginning of the twentieth-century electric cars were actually more popular than cars with an internal combustion engine as they were more comfortable to ride in. However, as cars fueled by petrol increased in importance. Electric cars declined. The situation became such that electric vehicles were only used for certain specific purposes – as fork-lift trucks, ambulances and urban delivery vehicles, for example. Although electricity declined in use in road vehicles, it steadily grew in importance as a means of powering trains. Switzerland, for example, was quick to develop an electrified train system, encouraged in this no doubt by the fact that it had no coal or oil resources of its own. Nowadays there is renewed interest in Electricity as a means of powering road vehicles. Why is this case? Well, undoubtedly economic reasons are of considerable importance. The cost of oil has risen so sharply that there is a strong financial imperative to look for an alternative. However, there are also environmental motivations. Emissions from cars re-blamed in large part for – among other things – the destruction of the ozone layer and the resultant rise in temperatures in the Polar Regions. A desire not to let things get any worse is also encouraging research into designing effective electric transport. Sample answer 1 (Template): Whereas the fundamental essence of a renewed interest in modern electric cars emphasizes the significance of petrol-driven vehicles , the corresponding impacts of an internal combustion engine such as powering trains and oil resources are acknowledged, and economic reasons could be inferred evidently from a strong financial imperative , which the potential implications of environmental considerations as well as a strong financial imperative are presumed. (63 words) Sample answer 2: Electric vehicles have been around since the beginning of the twentieth century, but petrol- driven cars became more important so electric power was only used for specific purposes, such as a means of powering trains; nowadays there is a renewed interest in electric vehicles due to economic and environmental considerations, as people do not wish to let things get any worse. (61 words)
50 42. Experimental Treatment Four years ago, Darek Fidyka was stabbed in the back, leaving his spinal cord severed, and his body from the chest down paralyzed. Now, after an experimental treatment, Fidyka has regained some feeling in his lower body and is learning to walk again.
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