oxygen enters into the composition of nitrats and more especially of oxygenated

Oxygen enters into the composition of nitrats and

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oxygen enters into the composition of nitrats, and more especially of oxygenated muriats, combined with almost as much caloric as is necessary for converting it into oxygen gas, this immense quantity of caloric becomes suddenly free the instant of the combination of the oxygen with the combustible body, and produces such violent explosions as are perfectly irresistible. By the humid way we can oxygenate most combustible bodies, and convert most of the oxyds of the three kingdoms of nature into acids. For this purpose we chiefly employ the nitric acid, which has a very slight hold of oxygen, and quits it readily to a great number of bodies by the assistance of a gentle heat. The oxygenated muriatic acid may be used for several operations of this kind, but not in them all. I give the name of binary to the combinations of oxygen with the simple substances, because in these only two elements are combined. When three substances are united in one combination I call it ternary , and quaternary when the combination consists of four substances united. T ABLE of the combinations of Oxygen with the compound radicals. Names of the radicals. Names of the resulting acids. New nomenclature. Old nomenclature. Nitro muriatic radical Nitro muriatic acid Aqua regia. (A) Tartaric Tartarous acid Unknown till lately. Malic Malic acid Ditto. Citric Citric acid Acid of lemons. Pyro­lignous Pyro­lignous acid Empyreumatic acid of wood. [Pg 188] [Pg 189] [Pg 190]
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