oxygen enters into the composition of nitrats, and more especially of oxygenated muriats,combined with almost as much caloric as is necessary for converting it into oxygen gas,this immense quantity of caloric becomes suddenly free the instant of the combination ofthe oxygen with the combustible body, and produces such violent explosions as areperfectly irresistible.By the humid way we can oxygenate most combustible bodies, and convert most of theoxyds of the three kingdoms of nature into acids. For this purpose we chiefly employ thenitric acid, which has a very slight hold of oxygen, and quits it readily to a great numberof bodies by the assistance of a gentle heat. The oxygenated muriatic acid may be usedfor several operations of this kind, but not in them all.I give the name ofbinaryto the combinations of oxygen with the simple substances,because in these only two elements are combined. When three substances are united inone combination I call itternary, andquaternarywhen the combination consists of foursubstances united.TABLEof the combinations of Oxygen with the compound radicals.Names of the radicals.Names of the resulting acids.New nomenclature. Old nomenclature.Nitro muriatic radicalNitro muriatic acidAqua regia.(A)TartaricTartarous acidUnknown till lately.MalicMalic acidDitto.CitricCitric acidAcid of lemons.PyrolignousPyrolignous acidEmpyreumatic acid of wood.[Pg 188][Pg 189][Pg 190]
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