PSYCH
Written Assignment 1.docx

The limited external validity of both studies was

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experiment, or the increase from verbal to physical punishments from the guards in the SPE. The limited external validity of both studies was discussed in depth by Griggs’ in his articles, but that doesn’t mean that the studies didn’t approach the third goal of psychology, which is to predict behaviors across situations. Specifically, the Milgram study predicted that people would obey commands that they did not agree with if ordered by an authority figure, and the SPE predicted
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Written Assignment 1 Durosham Siddiqui 4 that normal people put in positions of power would eventually abuse that power. Finally, both studies do also meet the fourth goal of psychology, which is control or change behavior through understanding causes and consequences of that behavior. Although both studies did have problems with internal validity, the conclusions drawn from them can be used to control or change following understandings of psychology, such as later studies that questioned the effect of the commands by experimenters on the obedience of the participants in the Milgram Obedience study, as well as the results of the SPE that created further understanding of how relationships between guards and prisoners can be changed. Citations Musen, K. (1992). Quiet rage: The Stanford prison study [videorecording] United States: Stanford Instructional Television Network. Center for Media Services. (1965) Obedience / Stanley Milgram [videorecording]. United States: New York University. Hock, R. R. (2013). Forty studies that changed psychology: Explorations into the history of psychological research (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
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Written Assignment 1 Durosham Siddiqui 5 Griggs, R. A. (2014). Coverage of the Stanford Prison Experiment in introductory psychology textbooks. Teaching of Psychology, 4, 195-203. doi: 10.1177/0098628314537968 Griggs, R. A. (2017). Milgram’s obedience study: A contentious classic reinterpreted. Teaching of Psychology, 44, 32-37. doi: 10.1177/0098628316677644
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  • Fall '08
  • Schreier
  • Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment

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