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Word pronunc iation elements defini tion candida kan

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WORDPRONUNCIATIONELEMENTSDEFINITIONCandidaKAN-did-ahLatindazzling whiteAyeastlikefungusR/and vulvaLO 8.2Word Analysis and DefinitionS = SuffixP = PrefixR = RootR/CF = Combining FormLO 8.3 Sexually TransmittedDiseasesAbbreviationsCDCCenters for Disease Control and PreventionDNAdeoxyribonucleic acidHIVhuman immunodeficiency virusPIDpelvic inflammatory diseaseSTDsexually transmitted diseaseAccording to theCenters for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),15 million cases of sexually transmitted diseases(STDs)are reportedannually in the United States, with adolescents and young adults beingat the greatest risk. Some of the common STDs are described as follows:Chlamydiainfection is known as the “silent” disease because infectedwomen and men have no symptoms. When there are signs, a vaginal orpenile discharge and irritation with dysuria are common.Untreated, chlamydia can spread higher into the female reproductivetract and causepelvic inflammatory disease (PID). It can be passedon to a newborn during childbirth, causing eye infections or pneumonia.It is a reason why antibiotic eyedrops are given to newborns.Gonorrheais spread by unprotected sex and can be passed on to a babyin childbirth, causing a serious eye infection. This is another reason whynewborns are given eyedrops. Symptoms in both male and female adultsmay not be present. In the female, they can include a vaginal discharge,bleeding, and dysuria. Gonorrhea is also a cause of PID.
KeynotesInfection with gonorrhea can be prevented by using a condom.A DNA probe is a diagnostic test where a sample of the affectedarea is taken with a cotton swab. The sample is then analyzed forthe presence of the DNA of bacteriaChlamydiatrachomatisand/orN. gonorrhoeae.Syphilis, caused by aspirochete, is transmitted sexually and can thenspread through the bloodstream to every organ in the body. It is alsotransmitted among intravenous drug users who share needles.Primarysyphilisbegins 10 to 90 days after infection as an ulcer, achancre, atthe place of infection(Figure 8.3).Four to 10 weeks later, if the primarysyphilis is not treated,secondary syphilisappears as a rash on thehands and soles of the feet, with swollen glands and muscle and jointpain.Tertiary syphiliscan occur years after the primary infection andcan cause permanent damage to the brain with dementia. Becauseprimary syphilis is curable with penicillin or other antibiotics, tertiarysyphilis is rarely seen today. A pregnant woman with untreated syphiliscan transmit the infection to her fetus before birth.FIGURE 8.3Chancre of Primary Syphilis in Female.©CNRI/Photo Researchers, Inc.Chancroidis an ulcerative disease (not caused by a spirochete) and iswithout systemwide effects, unlike syphilis. It develops as a chancre withswollen, tender lymph nodes in the groin.

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progesterone, vaginal discharge

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