1953 -1957 - First five-year plan.- successful, 1954 - US signs defense pact with Taiwan 1956 - Hundred Flowers Campaign 1958 - household registration system - created to maintain the divide between urban and rural workers. Creates discriminatory classes - rural workers are looked down on (see Sun Zhigang) 1958-1961 - Great Leap Forward 1960 - Lushan Conference - Other leaders question Mao's handling of the Great Leap Forward, and Peng Dehuai is purged 1960 - Sino-Soviet split. There had been a gradual decline in the relations between the USSR and the RPC since Stalin died (Khrushchev criticized Stalin heavily, and Mao was angry that he wasn't seen as the head of the international communist movement). USSR alarmed at Chinese bad planning and its refusal to continue to follow the Soviet planning. USSR nervous at China's cavalier attitude toward the bomb. In 1960, they withdraw their advisors, leaving China to weather the worst of the GLF 1966 - Cultural Revolution, red guards, Mao's power grab 1971 - Lin Biao incident - Mao bad at picking successors. Raises doubts about his leadership. 1972 - Chiang Ching-kuo becomes premier. Begins process of opening up Taiwan, leads to great economic gain. Economic development due in part to US aid and a focus on an export economy 1972 - Nixon visits China and Taiwan loses its UN seat to China (PRC) 1975 - Chiang Kai Shek dies 1976 - Hua Guofeng comes to power after Mao's death 1978 - Deng Xiaoping comes to power. In Taiwan, Chiang ching-kuo becomes president. 1978 - Village elections experimentation begins (take off in the 80s) 1979 - household responsibility system & household registration system. sent down youths allowed to go home. Economic and legal reforms (household responsibility system). Conception of rights begins - development and self-determination as most important rights. One child policy implemented.
1979 - US passes the Taiwan Relations Act, which creates enough ambiguity that the US is protective of Taiwan, but the US does not commit itself to anything. Continued arms sales and declared that Taiwan's national security was of utmost importance to US. 1980 - Taiwan in the middle of its economic miracle. moves from light industry to service, indicating that Taiwan is now a modern country. CKS had divided military and economic policy, and the rise of technocrats allows Taiwan to experience such a miracle. 1980s - Suppression of Tibetan culture somewhat lifted/ See Orville Schell, who wrote Virtual Tibet (Western conception of Tibet is romanticized.) 1980s - Century of Humiliation narrative takes hold and replaces Mao's victor narrative. It is designed to create nationalism (define by an opposition to the imperial West). China is depicted as stoically tolerating
- Fall '11
- Government, Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping, Kuomintang, Chiang Kai Shek, child policy