Circular Motion and Gravitation.pdf

# 2 consider the top view of the clockwise motion of an

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2. Consider the top view of the clockwise motion of an object shown at the right. Draw an arrow to indicate the direction of the ... a. acceleration vector at location A. b. velocity vector at location C. c. velocity vector at location D. Label your arrows with an a (for acceleration) and a v (for velocity). Force Analysis of Circular Motion: Every instance of the motion of an object in a circle or along a circular turn involves some force that is directed inward or centripetally . The centripetal force is an adjective to describe the net force; it is not actually a new force to be added to an already lengthy list - including friction, gravity, applied, tension, normal, spring, air resistance, etc. Rather, the centripetal force requirement is a principle that states that in order to have the motion of an object in a circle, there must be an inward net force to sustain the inward acceleration. 3. In each of the following instances, identify the type of the force that fulfills the centripetal force requirement. That is, identify the inward force acting upon the bold-faced object . Description of a Circular-Type Motion Centripetal Force a. A planet is orbiting the sun. b. A bucket (filled with water) is held by a string and whirled in a horizontal circle. c. Passengers on the CliffHanger amusement park ride (a barrel ride) are rotated rapidly in a circle. d. The moon is orbiting the Earth. e. A car is making a turn along a level roadway. f. A car is making a turn along a banked exit ramp. g. In football, a halfback leans in and rounds the corner to head up field. h. A roller coaster car is at the top of a circular loop (on the inside of the track). i. A roller coaster car is at the bottom of a circular loop (on the inside of the track). j. Clothes move in a circle during the spin cycle in a washing machine.

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Circular and Satellite Motion © The Physics Classroom, 2009 Page 8 4. Consider the diagram in question #2 on the front side. Draw an arrow on the diagram to indicate the direction of the net force vector at both locations B and E. Label the vector with an F (for force). 5. Consider a roller coaster car passing through a clothoid loop. Two strategic positions on the loop are the top and the bottom of the loop. In the diagrams below, draw force vectors on the riders to depict the direction and the magnitude of the two forces acting upon the riders. The size of the force should be approximately equal to the size of the vector arrow. Label the two arrows according to type - F grav and F norm . 6. When the roller coaster car is at the bottom of the loop, the direction of the acceleration and the net force is directed _____________ (up, down). When the roller coaster car is at the top of the loop, the direction of the acceleration and the net force is directed _____________ (up, down).
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