would be become poor workers(Sleight). The Industrial Revolution caused major changes transportation. An example of a transportation advance is the creation of the steamboat service on the Hudson River; the one who established this revolutionary service was Robert Fulton(Frader). Another transportation advance is the completion of the first transcontinental railroad which made it much more efficient to transport raw materials, products and people; Theodore Judah has been credited for this major advancement. The Revolution also affected and improved communications. Inventions such as the telegraph created by Samuel F. B. Morse allowed people to communicate more easily(Sleight). These revolutions enticed many immigrants to come to America which gave American industries many new workers. Because of the Industrial Revolution, factories were able to employ thousands of workers. Advances include the skyscraper, the light bulb, electric power, canned food, ready-made clothing, artificial lighting, and indoor plumbing(Frader). At the high end of the economic scale, people took advantage of these advances. However, at the lower end of the economic scale, people were not able to take advantage of the advances. Millions of immigrants were cheap labor. As machines
began being a huge part of the manufacturing process, skilled workers began getting replaced(Sleight). Cheap laborers were easily replaceable and many would suffer from illness and injuries. The Ottoman Empire and China had their own beliefs and separate outlooks on life, they did have some differences on how they perceived change. The Ottoman Empire had a more open-minded perspective while the Chinese had many internal revolts and population explosion because they were more close minded. During this period, China resisted industrialization so industrialization in China was ultimately unsuccessful(Montagna). The perspective that they had in common was that they wanted to reform on their own terms. In both places, some people continued to retain traditional beliefs and stay loyal; this is the basis for the renewal of culture(Sleight). In the Ottoman Empire, those who promoted the Industrial Revolution were called the Young Ottomans. The Young Ottomans consisted of writers, government officials, journalists, poets and military officers who were educated in the west and tried to modernize the empire(Montagna). While they rejected Ottoman rulers, they embraced western technology and western science. However, the Young Ottomans rejected materialism that was shown evidently in the west. The Young Ottomans were pro freedom of religion with regards to the religious minorities. They favored
schools that were similar to European schools(Morris). The Young Ottomans were nationalists and were pro political parties, westernized clothing and education for women. The Industrial Revolution, modernization, caused the Young Ottomans to
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