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pledged loyalty to a person, the Treaties set the foundation for contemporary states.Welfare state·Social safety net·Government undertakes to distribute income and resources to poor members of society·Canada and USA are liberal welfare states-Minimalist-Target poorestWorld region(All found between pages 1-7)Regions: Large areas of the world that share similar cultural, environmental, economic or political characteristics (sub-Saharan Africa or South Asia)Regions change and that’s why we study them, some becoming more similar by sharing culture or by developing unique conditionsSystemsBest understood by considering how they interact as a part of a system. A system is a set of elements linked together so that changes in one element change another (low oil flow in Iran = higher energy prices in China = change was people pay for Chinese goods in US).InterdependenceThey affect and are affected by each other.ChangeRegions emerge over time and new ones will take their place in the futureThese 3 themes are intertwined in the processes of globalization and regionalization.A World of RegionsBased on physiography (physical geography)branch of geography dealing with natural features and processesoConcerned with climate, weather patterns, landforms, and plant/ animal ecologyHuman geography spatial organization of human activity and with peoples relationships with environment. Organizing & Exploring the World’s RegionsEnvironment & Society: how environments change and are changed by peopleHistory, Economy, & Territory: how each evolves over timeCulture & populations: how they interact and change around the worldFuture geographies: present impacting issues in futureWorld system theory27
(October 20thlecture)Immanuel WallersteinGlobal world systemoEconomic, cultural and political processes are linkedoPlaces are linked (cant just look at one thing)Three types of places:oCore (places where you have high income & high profit)oPeriphery (low income & low profit)oSemi periphery (middle)All of this is because of contemporary capitalism In order to understand the world we need to know where they fit in terms of the 3 types of places 28