Well-differentiated, low-grade tumor cells Retain features of the tissue cells from which they are derived. Poorly differentiated, high-grade tumor cells More abnormal in appearance and do not resemble the tissue from which they are derived. Grading system for Prostate Cancer Gleason Grade
Goal of cancer treatment eradicate every cancer cell in the body Neoadjuvant therapy A preliminary cancer treatment Chemotherapy Involves the use of chemical agents to destroy cancer cells Angiogenesis Inhibiting the growth of new blood vessels which feed the tumor, causes the tumor to shrink Immune System A complex network of specialized cells and organs that has evolved to defend the body against attacks by foreign organisms. Immune disorders The result of a breakdown in the body's defense system that may generate hyper-sensitivity, autoimmune diseases or immunodeficiency disorders. Antigen A substance that causes the allergic response Immunodeficiency disorder Results from a depressed or absent immune response Physical trauma The major cause of death in children and young adults Nutritional disorders include Iron deficiency, anemia, obesity and hypervitaminoses A Psychological evaluation encompasses the observation of behavior; Appearance, mood, communication, judgment, and thought processes. Chronic disease A stressor that can affect a person's self-esteem and behavior Mental disorders Generally described as being clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndromes that are associated with psychic pain or distress or impairment of function.
Somatoform Psychogenic symptoms without an underlying disease process Establishing a diagnosis A decision-making process in which data collected from the medical history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests are analyzed, integrated, and interpreted. Diagnosis Provides a logical basis for determining treatment and prognosis System Review A methodical physical examination of the patient from head to toe Inspection Observation and measurement, including vital signs Ausculation Trained listening Palpation Investigation by sense of touch Percussion Tapping that produces vibration and sound CBC Complete Blood Count Hgb Hemoglobin Hemoglobin Measurement of the oxygen-carrying pigment of the red blood cells Complete Blood Count Evaluation of cellular components of the blood. HCT Hematocrit Hematocrit Measurement of the percentage of red blood cells in a volume of whole blood.
TSH Thyroid-stimulating hormone HDL High-density lipoprotein cholesterol LDL Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol Lytes Electrolytes Electrolytes Blood serum test for chloride, potassium, sodium, and carbon dioxide GTT Glucose tolerance test CRP C-reactive protein C-reactive protein A blood test used to detect bacterial infection and inflammatory disorders; an
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 58 pages?
- Fall '14
- red blood cells