110 men would be diagnosed with prostate cancer About 50 of these men would

110 men would be diagnosed with prostate cancer about

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110 men would be diagnosed with prostate cancer. About 50 of these men would have a complication from treatment, including erectile dysfunction in 29 men, urinary incontinence in 18 men, severe cardiovascular events in 2 men, deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism in 1 man, and death due to the treatment in less than one man. Limitations to PSA Testing for Prostate Cancer Screening
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Detecting prostate cancer early may not reduce the chance of dying from prostate cancer : Finding tumors, however, does not necessarily reduce a man’s chance of dying from prostate cancer. Some tumors found through PSA testing grow so slowly that they are unlikely to threaten a man’s life. Detecting tumors that are not life threatening are called “overdiagnosis,” and treating these tumors is called “overtreatment”; Thus, exposing men to the unnecessary complications and harmful side effects of treatments for early prostate cancer, including surgery and radiation therapy. Also, early detection of cancer may not help a man who has an aggressive or malignant tumor that probably has spread to other areas of the body before detection. False-positive or False-negative results of PSA test : A false-positive test result occurs when a man’s PSA level is elevated, but no cancer is present. Most men with an elevated PSA level turn out not to have prostate cancer; only about 25 percent of men who have a prostate biopsy due to an elevated PSA level have prostate cancer (Barry, 2001). A false-negative test result occurs when a man’s PSA level is low even though he has prostate cancer. False-negative test results may give a man, his family, and his doctor false assurance that he does not have cancer, when he may, in fact, have cancer that requires treatment.
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Conclusion PSA testing can help catch prostate cancer at an early stage. However,
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