Ng ph ả i tuân theo qui lu ậ t th ờ i gian

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ng ph i tuân theo qui lu t th i gian. Lúc ñ ó c u trúc câu song song v th i c a các ñộ ng t (nh ư ví d dòng cu i b ng trên) không ñượ c áp d ng. Ví d : She is a senior, studies every day, and will graduate a semester early. 44. Chuy n ñổ i v trí tân ng tr c ti ế p và gián ti ế p Có hai cách s d ng tân ng c a m t ngo i ñộ ng t mà ý ngh ĩ a c a câu không thay ñổ i. Tân ng gián ti ế p (indirect object) là tân ng ch ñồ v t ho c ng ườ i mà hành ñộ ng x y ra ñố i v i (ho c dành cho) ñồ v t ho c ng ườ i ñ ó. Tân ng tr c ti ế p (direct object) là ng ườ i ho c v t ñầ u tiên nh n tác ñộ ng c a hành ñộ ng. Tân ng gián ti ế p có th ñứ ng sau tân ng tr c ti ế p, ng ă n cách b i m t gi i t ho c c ũ ng có th ñứ ng tr ướ c tân ng tr c ti ế p (mà không có gi i t ). Gi i t th ườ ng dùng ñ ây là for to . Ví d : I gave the book to Jim . The book là tân ng tr c ti ế p và hành ñộ ng ñầ u tiên là hành ñộ ng c m l y quy n sách trong tay và hành ñộ ng th hai (gián ti ế p) là ñư a nó cho Jim. Khi mu n ñổ i v trí gi a tân ng tr c ti ế p và tân ng gián ti ế p, ta s d ng m t trong hai công th c sau: Subject + verb + direct object + [ for / to ] + indirect object I gave the book to Jim . The little boy brought some flowers for his grandmother . He lent his car to his brother Subject + verb + indirect object + direct object I gave Jim the book . The little boy brought his grandmother some flowers . He lent his brother his car . Không ph i ñộ ng t nào c ũ ng cho phép ñổ i v trí tân ng tr c ti ế p và gián ti ế p. B ng sau là m t s ñộ ng t cho phép ñổ i: bring build buy cut draw feed find get give hand leave lend make offer own paint pass pay promise read sell send show teach tell write
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 113 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng M t s trong các t trên có th dùng ñượ c c v i for to , m t s khác ch dùng v i m t trong 2 gi i t . Chú ý r ng trong công th c th hai nêu trên, khi tân ng gián ti ế p ñứ ng tr ướ c tân ng tr c ti ế p thì không dùng gi i t gi a chúng: ð úng : The director's secretary sent them the menuscript last night.
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