Matrix of domination sociological paradigm that

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Matrix of Domination : sociological paradigm that explains issues of oppression that deal with race, class, and gender, which, though recognized as different social classifications, are all interconnected. Meritocracy : government or the holding of power by people selected on the basis of their ability. Institutional Discrimination : refers to the unjust and discriminatory mistreatment of an individual or group of individuals by society and its institutions as a whole, through unequal selection or bias, intentional or unintentional; as opposed to individuals making a conscious choice to discriminate. 4. Name: Jerry Reading: Eitzen 10, 13, Reader Ch 6 Summary: Chapter 10 of Eitzen -The main focus of this chapter was class and how the U.S. has a number of socioeconomic dimensions
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-However, the wealth and income disparities in the US vary greatly, especially among the few elitist groups and the bottom 80% -There are 4 different factors that contribute to the social stratification of class: wealth, income, education, and occupation -Order theory argues that social class is determined by occupation -Conflict theory argues that money is directly related to the means of production and power as the determinants of class position -Data shows that the higher one’s socioeconomic status is, they are more likely to be healthier, have a more stable family, live longer, have a better education, less likely to be drafted, and less likely to be prosecuted by the criminal justice system -There are different hierarchies that societies use to move in in status. For instance, the most rigid is the caste system, but class systems tend to be more open, allowing vertical mobility -The U.S. may be considered a relatively open class system, but intergenerational (son or daughter doing better than their parents) mobility is very limited -Graduating college is one of the best indictors for upward social mobility, but it is difficult to afford for many families -There is a disproportionate amount of poverty among African Americans, Latinos, women and children -The reason why is because of unfair wages not because of lack of employment or lack of willingness to work -Contrary to popular belief, less than half of those living in poverty receive government assistance -Government assistance is actually targeted towards affluent individuals. Three-fourths of federal monies is received by the affluent. In addition, tax expenditures and other subsidies provide economic benefits to the wealthy -The poor pay for more than the affluent for services and commodities, which contribute to their poverty -Whites receive more welfare than any other racial group Chapter 13 of Eitzen -Economic activity involves the production and distribution of goods and services -Capitalism and Socialism are the two fundamental ways society can organize its economic activities -Capitalism in its pure form involves (a) the private ownership of the means of production, (b) the pursuit of
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