Diagnosis of mental disorders DSM a created in 1980 b Diagnostic and

Diagnosis of mental disorders dsm a created in 1980 b

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13.Diagnosis of mental disorders, DSM a.created in 1980b.Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 14.Problems with diagnosing mental disorders Chapter 7: Mood Disorders Video that talks about most of these: - Unipolar vs. bipolar:
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Unipolar : individuals who experience either depression or mania. (BC their mood remains at “1 pole”) Bipolar : someone who alternates between depression and mania (BOTH) has bipolar mood disorder bc they travel from one pole and to the other back again. 1. Major depressive episode (diagnostic criteria, symptoms) a. Most commonly diagnosed and most severe depression b. DSM states it is a depressed mood state that last at least 2 weeks and includes cognitive symptoms like (feeling worthlessness and indecisiveness.) c. Criteria includes: 1.feeling sad or empty. 2. diminished interest or pleasure. 3. significant weight loss or weight gain. 4. insomnia or hypersomnia. 5. fatigue or loss of energy. 6. diminished ability to think or concentrate. 7. recurrent thoughts of death or suicide. i. Five or more of those following symptoms must be present during the 2 week period. 2. Manic episode & hypomanic episode (diagnostic criteria symptoms, length of episode) a. Manic (MAINIA) Individuals find extreme pleasure in every activity. they become hyperactive, require little sleep, have grandiose plans, and believe they can accomplish everything. b. DSM-5 criteria of a manic episode: 1 week duration , less if episode is severe for hospitalization. the duration of an untreated episode of manic is 3 to 4 months . c. 60 times higher than the general public to commit suicide. d. Criteria for manic includes: inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, more talkative, many ideas and thoughts racing. e. Hypomanic episode lasts 4 days and is less severe . 3. Major Depressive Disorder, Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia), Double Depression (type of episode/symptoms, course, gender difference) a. MDD is defined as the presence of depression and the absence of manic , hypomanic episodes before or during the disorder. Average number of major depressive episodes is 4 to 7 in a lifetime. b. Persistent depressive disorders PDD (dysthymia) shares many similar symptoms of MDD. There can be as low as 2. PDD can last 2 years , during the patient is symptom free for more than 2 months . Criteria includes: poor appetite and overeating, insomnia or hypersomnia, low energy, fatigue, poor concentration, feeling hopeless. can be mild, severe, moderate with anxious distress . early onset before the age of 21, late onset 21 years or older. c. Double Depression is when individuals who suffer both major depressive episodes and persistent depression with fewer symptoms. 4. Bipolar I (types of episodes, course, gender differences?): the same as Bipolar II except the individual experiences a full manic episode Bipolar I: The classic form of bipolar disorder involves clear-cut manic episodes, usually alternating with periods of major depression and euthymic (even-mood) periods.
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