100%(4)4 out of 4 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 8 - 11 out of 35 pages.
French gothic architects rose through guildsIn Italy the architects didn’t necessarily come from building craftsArchitects in ItalyFlorence: architects= craftsmen; not always buildersUnusual: entrust major public buildings to painter (Giotto)
Entrusting construction of large towering structure to someone good at surface appearanceStone, Wood, and PrideFlorence: sculptor- builders = local traditionSculptor made palazzo VecchioArnulfo Di Cambio: new cathedral; design enlargedChurch of Florence Cathedral expanded the design of a church twice, work continued following large design, but dome design caused problemsCrossing dome design = established, but unfinishedEnlarged dome was supposed to be enormousProblem= too big to build; civic embarrassmentFrom Jewelry to BuildingFilippo Brunelleschi: (1377-1446) goldsmith, sculptor, painterModel: won competition to build the dome; got the job in 1420 (said he could build it without the wooden centering)Main innovations were in domes interior structureInterlocking ribs to support two separate shellsInnovations: masonry techniques, shell and rib structure, hoistsBrunelleschi’s Domesixteen years later: the dome was completeshared responsibility and building with many others, but creative role helped to keep him famous for this buildingcreativity, engineering, construction managementhis decision to go to Rome redirected his careereducation? Studying ruins of ancient Romepantheon dome was huge! And it must have convinced him that there had to be a way to building the Florence domeAll’antica architectureBrunelleschi: became major architect in FlorenceDesigned the orphanage in Florence that set the bar for the urban area, designed other churches, while still managing the dome projectBusy professionalConsidered an architectMajor shift: undisputed design credit as individualExpertise was in different fields pulled from fields that masons didn’t knowEarly education and artistic training made home differentHe matches Vitruvius idea of an architect closer than gothic architectsRenaissance: rebirth of antiquity in cultureHelped to start All’antica (ancient style) = roman revival designThe Renaissance ProjectRevive ancient style architecture after 1000 years?What did ancient architecture look like? Much of it in ruinsHad to dig out old buildings and try and reconstruct themIs ancient architecture right for contemporary needs?New Christian Italy did they want to copy pagan roman architectureLeone Battista Alberti (1404-1472)Architect needs understanding of past architecture
University educated lawyer, clergymanPapal bureaucrat, wrote Latin documentsMultinational institution was church, so by using Latin unified it and its historyProfessional author and intellectualPublished a lot in LatinHumanist (cutting edge library geek on one topic)o