French gothic architects rose through guilds In Italy the architects didnt

French gothic architects rose through guilds in italy

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French gothic architects rose through guilds In Italy the architects didn’t necessarily come from building crafts Architects in Italy Florence: architects= craftsmen; not always builders Unusual: entrust major public buildings to painter (Giotto)
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Entrusting construction of large towering structure to someone good at surface appearance Stone, Wood, and Pride Florence: sculptor- builders = local tradition Sculptor made palazzo Vecchio Arnulfo Di Cambio: new cathedral; design enlarged Church of Florence Cathedral expanded the design of a church twice, work continued following large design, but dome design caused problems Crossing dome design = established, but unfinished Enlarged dome was supposed to be enormous Problem= too big to build; civic embarrassment From Jewelry to Building Filippo Brunelleschi: (1377-1446) goldsmith, sculptor, painter Model: won competition to build the dome; got the job in 1420 (said he could build it without the wooden centering) Main innovations were in domes interior structure Interlocking ribs to support two separate shells Innovations: masonry techniques, shell and rib structure, hoists Brunelleschi’s Dome sixteen years later: the dome was complete shared responsibility and building with many others, but creative role helped to keep him famous for this building creativity, engineering, construction management his decision to go to Rome redirected his career education? Studying ruins of ancient Rome pantheon dome was huge! And it must have convinced him that there had to be a way to building the Florence dome All’antica architecture Brunelleschi: became major architect in Florence Designed the orphanage in Florence that set the bar for the urban area, designed other churches, while still managing the dome project Busy professional Considered an architect Major shift: undisputed design credit as individual Expertise was in different fields pulled from fields that masons didn’t know Early education and artistic training made home different He matches Vitruvius idea of an architect closer than gothic architects Renaissance: rebirth of antiquity in culture Helped to start All’antica (ancient style) = roman revival design The Renaissance Project Revive ancient style architecture after 1000 years? What did ancient architecture look like? Much of it in ruins Had to dig out old buildings and try and reconstruct them Is ancient architecture right for contemporary needs? New Christian Italy did they want to copy pagan roman architecture Leone Battista Alberti (1404-1472) Architect needs understanding of past architecture
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University educated lawyer, clergyman Papal bureaucrat, wrote Latin documents Multinational institution was church, so by using Latin unified it and its history Professional author and intellectual Published a lot in Latin Humanist (cutting edge library geek on one topic) o
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