C) Alex considered sushi to be inedible until he tried it a few times. He now says sushi is one of his favourite foods. D) Felix comes across a bizarre, purple plant and it takes her a few seconds to realize it's a tree. She visits the site some weeks later and has the same reaction. Question 2 Which scenario best exemplifies illusion of the expert? A) Pablo has cracked an important question in his field of nuclear physics by accident, and as a result, thinks he has mastered the entire field. B) Ike thinks he will do better in a new pottery class than Vicky since he is extremely intelligent and often outperforms her in other subjects. C) Ursula has become really good at doing Sudoku puzzles over the last few months and modestly attributes her success to practice. D) Rachel, a piano teacher, gets very frustrated with her student Orest when he is unable to a play a basic piece correctly that she could perform with either hand. Question 3 Which of the following is evidence in favour of the exemplar theory exclusively? A) Simple but abstract categories are easily defined in terms of inclusion and exclusion criteria. B) Individuals from South America are faster to respond to rice as a staple meal item than to
pasta. C) Category membership is unaffected by short-term changes in experiences with category members. D) Ideal representations of categories change over short time period with changing experience of category members. Question 4 Which of the following scenarios best describes the method through which categorization leads to stereotyping? A) Igor feels closer to his relatives on his father's side since he sees them more often than his mother's side. B) Iggy develops his own perceptions of each individual's characteristics, traits, and behaviours. C) Stella is shocked to discover a new player on the football team crying after the game is lost because the team seems so aggressive. D) Lilly becomes nervous when socializing with people she's never met before because she is not sure if they have any common interests. Question 5 Using exemplar theory, how can you explain the observation that category membership for common objects is verified faster than category membership of uncommon objects? A) There are not enough exemplars for uncommon objects to be categorized. B) This observation can only be explained using prototype theory. C) The average exemplar must be a commonly observed object. D) Individuals have far more examples of experiences with common objects than with uncommon objects.
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- Winter '14
- Categorization, Q7, Categories