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There was also resentment and mistrust towards the United States from both countries because the United States did not become a member of the League of Nations (Goff, 2012). Benito Mussolini was a prominent socialist in Italy prior to World War II. He was influenced by the ideas and writings of Karl Marx and Frederick Nietszche. Italians were angry because they had fought with the Allied forces during World War I and felt that they should have benefited more from the Treaty of Versailles. Mussolini used this anger to his own benefit and gained the trust of the Italians. He played on their fears of communism and socialism. He and his fascist members wanted to regain the power and prestige that they felt they had lost due to theTreaty of Versailles. Mussolini formed a new government in 1922 and he started with four fascists. If others did not support him the fascists would threaten loss of property or death and sometimes even carried through with murders (Goff, 2012).After World War I Adolph Hitler became a member of the political group the German Workers’ Party and within two years became their leader. The name of the political group was changed to the National Socialist German Workers’ Party (Nazi). He wrote about nationalism, anti-Semitism and racism.