In response washington provided specialized equipment

This preview shows 43 out of 45 pages.

In response Washington provided specialized equipment to help with transportation and to increase security around sensitive sites trained scientists who had previously worked on WMD programs for alternative careers aided in the dismantlement of Soviet missiles, submarines, and bombers blended down highly enriched uranium for use in nuclear power reactors-which provided electricity to those former Soviet republics that agreed to relinquish their inherited nuclear arsenals (all eventually did). All of the policies that successfully prevented a nuclear catastrophe from occurring during the Cold War- containment, diplomacy, deterrence, conventional military strength, and arms control agreements-can be employed even more effectively today For the first time since the atomic age began in 1945, all permanent members of the UN Security Council, as well as India, Israel, and Pakistan, face a common enemy-nuclear terrorism. Cooperative threat reduction, rather than spreading fear and inflating threats, will be the key to averting a nuclear catastrophe in the twenty-first century.
Image of page 43

Subscribe to view the full document.

After Proliferation: What to do if more states go nuclear 17:53 Progress of weapons programs in N Korea and Iran, nuclear proliferation is once again at the top of the US national security agenda all discussions about the issue has centered on how to prevent proliferation Hawks have pushed for regime change or military strikes Doves have favored arms control and negotiations What postproliferation world would look like Pessimists- dangers of a nuclear confrontation will increase exponentially as the number of nuclear powers grows and that a future catastrophe is all but certain Optimists- assume that the stability that nuclear weapons seem to have brought to the superpowers’ cold war confrontation will be replicated In a multipolar nuclear world, international politics will continue but in an environment dominated by fear and uncertainty Military plans, defense policies, and national security doctrines that officials in the US and other countries now take for granted are likely to become obsolete and will need to be revised significantly Will deterrence work? During cold war, small number of nuclear states meant that the identity of any nuclear attacker would be obvious, thus preparations could be made In a multipolar nuclear middle east, such logic might not hold Deterrence would be weak because would be hard to tell what country it came from “difficult to retaliate against a bomb that has no clear return address” during cold war most analysts considered it unlikely that nuclear weapons would be used during peacetime, frequency of conventional wars in the middle east make it a less comforting prospect greatest fear about Iran’s possible acquisition of nuclear weapons is that Tehran might give them to a terrorist group= would dramatically increase the likelihood of their being used some say Iranian gov would do that, some say wouldn’t
Image of page 44
Image of page 45
You've reached the end of this preview.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern