Reverse logistics design materials after consuming

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Reverse logistics Design: Materials after consuming should be effectively used for re- use, repair, recycle, remanufacture and redistribution. It calls for reusing containers and pallets, redesigning and recycling package materials etc. Reducing pollution during transportation are important activities of reverse logistics. Proper design of Reverse logistics contributes greater towards Green Supply Chain Management. Information Technology: A Green approach to IT has to be achieved through various automatic processes thereby reducing carbon foot prints. Paper usage has to be minimized through automatic invoice/payment processing. Using EDI for creating/transmitting orders. Green Building: Deploying greener practices in Design, construction and maintaining the buildings. Using energy efficient bulbs, natural lightning saves considerable energy. Water has to be recycled for day to day use. LEED certification (Leadership in Energy and Environmental design recognized by US and other countries) has to be obtained. Investment in Renewable energy sources such as solar, wind etc. are needed for sustainable green practice. Benefits of GSCM 1. GSCM will help us to gain a competitive advantage and help us to attract new customers. 2. Increased use of resources, improved efficiency and reduced production cost. 3. It contributes greater towards improved financial performance. 4. Reduces risk by avoiding hazardous material that leads to environmental effect. 5. Improved quality of products and services gives higher customer delight and reputation. Hence trying to deploy all the above designs in each and every stage of a supply chain will in turn creates values financially and socially to the customer. Hence, we can go a step further
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and call the chain as a value chain. Ultimately all these practices have to be sustainable and should keep improving continuously by researching and innovating new ideas In every case but two [water and oxygen], we are extracting natural resources at rates that far exceed the rate at which they are being replenished. When London’s Carbon Trust asked 18- to 25-year-olds in six countries about their opinion on climate change, some 68% said they would like to see companies independently certify their carbon footprints. But most participants in the same survey said they would buy products with low carbon loads only if they cost no more than the conventional version. China had the most apparent altruism, with 42% saying they would happily pay more for green products. General Electric’s (GE) Rajat Kapur said that “If you look at 140 products through our internal metrics, you find $150 million plus in savings to the bottom line — from reduced energy use and other factors.” “You have to focus your efforts where they will have the greatest impact. We found that only 10% of our suppliers in developing countries even knew how much energy they used. That led to our sharing best practices and offering sessions on expectations.” Mixing sustainability data into ERP systems is worth this level of investment because ERP systems can enable companies to look at their businesses holistically and make decisions using information
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