400000 acres along the atlantic coastline of south

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400,000 acres along the Atlantic coastline of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida was taken by the government, divided into 40 acre plots, and settled by 18,000 free black families, as well as some local blacks Intended to address the problem of the tens of thousands of blacks following Sherman’s army, many of whom did not have access to adequate food or shelter Impeachment of President Johnson o Radical republicans were against Johnson for his o Sought to impeach President Johnson, and won the house, but lost the necessary amount in the senate by one vote Presidential Reconstruction o Lincoln Confiscation acts Save blacks from going back into slavery after union army passes through Also solved problem of thousands of blacks with no food or shelter following the army, making them free to do whatever they pleased instead of going back to their masters and being recaptured and the like, being free without the army’s presence
Attempted to urge the colonization of African Americans, specifically somewhere in central or south America, because he believed that they would not be treated well as freemen in the United States Instillation of military governors over union occupied states, to limit radical republican control over reconstruction Kept reconstruction under presidential control, and limited its severity Emancipation Proclamation Described above Attempted to institute the 10 % plan, described above, as well as beginning the Freeman’s Bureau, also described above Lincoln urged forward the banning of color discrimination in wages and in mail, as well as in transportation (at least in DC) Unsuccessfully attempted to undergo peace negotiations with the south Refused to recognize the confederacy, or let the slaves go back into servitude, so negotiations failed Advocated his 10% plan, and his easy, forgiving reconstruction plan until his assassination o Johnson Originally incensed at confederates, fueled by pent up anger over assassination of president Lincoln, and the immense northern loss of life. Was going to hang rebels Eventually took softer line, angering radical republicans Imprisoned Jefferson Davis (Confederate President) for 2 years, and hung Henry Wirz, the commander of the infamous Andersonville, GA confederate prison camp 12,913 Union POWs died of starvation, disease, and neglect, almost 30% Halted some attempt to redistribute land to the freemen, giving some plantations back to pardoned southern whites, thereby appeasing the white social elite Overruled some of the Freeman Bureau’s authority, as well as the Confiscation acts of 1861 and 62 Johnson vetoed the Freeman Bureau Bill of 1866, which would have redistributed planters land Eventually the Radical republicans garnered enough support to overrule the veto Johnson against black suffrage (15 th amendment), and urged states to vote against the 14 th amendment (Due process, equal protection, etcetera), and while initial blocked, it was eventually ratified

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