William sheldon suggested that criminals tend to be

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Chapter 8 / Exercise 26
Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Beaver/Mendenhall
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9. William Sheldon suggested that criminals tend to be of a certain body type. Today most sociologists suggest that if there is a relationship between body type and crime it is becausea.atavists cannot be sufficiently socialized.b.endomorphs are fat, and therefore too lazy to work for a living.c.ectomorphs are skinny (a sign of the high anxiety which leads them to criminal behavior).d.mesomorphs tend to be socialized differently (to be strong and insensitive)e.bulimics cannot control their behavior.ANS: D
10. Robert Merton’s categories of conformity, innovation, ritualism, retreatism, and rebellion are
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Chapter 8 / Exercise 26
Introduction to Probability and Statistics
Beaver/Mendenhall
Expert Verified
11. According to Robert Merton, deviance is most likely to occur when there is a contradiction between culturally approved goals and
12. According to Merton’s theory of anomie, many people in the United States turn to deviance becausea.they learn how to do and justify deviance from other people.b.they are taught to want certain things (e.g., success) but are not given legitimate means to achieve these things.c.they are labeled as deviant and then self-fulfilling prophecy takes over.d.they are born with anti-social personalities.e.by nature, people born in the US tend to be exceptionally greedy and egotistical.ANS: B
13. Professor Peter has been teaching English to first year college students for about 25 years. He started out his career full of idealism—he was going to really inspire hisstudents and teach them how to express their most creative ideas in writing. About twenty years ago, however, Peters decided that there was no way that his students would ever learn to write well. He still “teaches,” but now he mostly checks for spelling and punctuation; he cares little about the overall quality of students’ writing and nothing about the quality of their ideas. Merton would say that Professor Peters has adapted to his frustration by becoming
14. According to Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin, deviance is most likely to occur when
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