parasites of the nation” and Jews became an easy target when hyperinflation and unemployment hit Germany after WWI. 2. What factors contributed to Adolf Hitler's rise to power in 1933? What was the nature of Nazi ideology, and ter WWI, the German society was deeply destabilized and faced hyperinflation and unemployment following the global Great Depression. The harsh political and economic climate resulted in political extremism.The German government was divided between Communists and Socialists, the division within the government made the Nazi party largest single party in the German Government, allowing Hitler to become Chancellor in 1933. After the rise to power, Hitler terrorized and neutralized all political opposition and began the persecution of the Jews. 3. What was the attitude of "ordinary Germans" towards the Nazis' persecution of the Jews during the 1930s?
Hitler was able to successfully anathematizing of the Jews and the “ordinary Germans” were happy that Hitler was putting away certain kinds of people who did not fit in or who were viewed as outsiders, asocials, useless eaters or criminals. 4. What were the various strategies employed by the Nazis to destroy the Jews of Europe? Why was a decision made to switch from up-close executions to murder by poison gas? The Nazis used Einsatzgruppen and the Reserve Police Battalion to round up and murder Jews by point blank rifle fire. The Wehrmacht also played crucial role in the murder of the POWs and the perpetration fo the Jewish Holocaust. To reduce the psychological and physical stress of shooting prisoners and increase the efficiency of the killing, the Nazis began the use of death camps with gas chambers. The Gas chambers allowed psychological distance between the killers and their victims. Jews also died from beatings, forced marches, starvation and disease. 5. Why did the Nazis establish their network of death camps in Poland and not in Germany? The death camps were mostly set up in Poland due to its strategic locations. Poland was under German control and had efficient railway system that could be used to transport Jews. Also there were number of Jews residing in eastern Europe so it would have been more practical to kill them at Poland then transport them all the way to Germany to kill them. 6. What are "intentionalist" versus "functionalist" explanations of the Jewish Holocaust? Intentionalists focus on the intention of the Nazis, from the outset to eliminate European Jews. Intentionalists emphasize Hitler as a monomaniac on his quest to eliminate the Jewish “cancer” from Germany and Europe. Functionalists downplays the significance of Hitler as an individual and stresses evolutionary and contigent character of the campaign againsts the Jews. Functionalists view the Holocausts as an unplanned radicalization produced by chaotic decision making process of the regime.