Market system choson dynasty 1392 1910 1910 was the

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* Market System Choson Dynasty (1392 – 1910) **1910 was the last year of Choson 조선왕조 – meaning – Morning Calm (“The Land of Morning Calm”) Or Yi Dynasty 이씨 왕조 Yi = Family name (lee or Yi, Ee, Yee) Founder – Yi Sung-gyeo (also known as Taejo – Great Progenitor) In the portrait, hands were not shown (royal family didn’t want to show their skin to the public)
Oppression of Buddhism 1. Anti-Buddhist Policy 2. Removed the power of the Buddhist monks in the central government 3. Buddhist properties were confiscated 4. Buddhist monks were expelled from the capital 5. Regulations of number of monks and runs 6. The constructions of new temples were forbidden 7. Abolished the examination for the monks (monk’s own examination called “seunghwa”) 8. Separation of religion and politics Favoritism of Neo-Confucianism 1. Study Confucianism in China 2. Social structure and behaviorism patterned after Confucian principle 3. Emphasized Confucian ritualism / Confucian code of conduct Examples) court procedure, ceremonies, customs, language, music The Social Strata of the Choson Dynasty (1) 1. Yangban 양반 = literally, ‘two classes.” Officials of the two orders :civil ( 무반 ) and military ( 문반 ) who enjoys various privileges in their political, social and cultural life. Civil – simply reading, singing, writing poems………didn’t do any labour - Always eating good stuff, wearing good clothes, people watching baseball games in suit (sports casters) 2. Chungin 중인 = litereally, ‘men in the middle’, or ‘middle people’, who were involved in miscellaneous works of medicine, astronomy, law, music and etc. 3. Pyongmin 평민 = literally, ‘ordinary men’ who engaged in agriculture, commerce, and handicraft, and etc 4. Chonmin 천민 = the lowly, the bottom people who worked as shaman, butchers, and slaves, etc (were not even counted as humans, not even listed on 족보 )
Orders King>>State council >> 6 ministries >> 8 provinces King Sejong – was able to kick away balhae people, and set up the modern land of South Korea Each of 8 provinces were ruled by governor who passed the Kwago exam and was appointed Everyone could take Kwago exam, but it was dominated by Yangbans, as they had enough wealth and time to study for it, but others were not. Sodang – study there while young – local school ** National Confucian university – Sungyungwan - still exist in Korea Changwon = 1 st place – rich and famous from that time *** King Sejong, The Great (1392 ~ 1450) (1418 – 1450) 32 years of reign 1. Chiphyonjon (academy of Confucian Scholars) 2. Invention of Hunmin Chongum (The correct sounds to be taught to the people ) 28 letters, (17 consonatns, 11 vowels) 3. Songs of Flying Dragons (Yongbi Ochonga) What King Sejong was thinking – the uneducated people, there have been many who… unable to express their feelings - very nice and sympathetic king Songs of Flying Dragon – 2 nd stanza The tree that strikes deep root Is firm admist the winds.

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