Leader has a social responsibility to be concerned with “have-nots” in the organization and: Remove inequalities & social injustices Uses less institutional power Uses less control Shifts authority to followers o Servant Leadership Values: Involvement Respect Trust Individual strength Listening Empathy Unconditional acceptance o Follower Needs Become more knowledgeable More autonomous Become more like servants - Recent Research – 1999-2002 o Includes wide range of concepts focused on: Identifying attributes of service leadership Examining conceptual frameworks of servant leadership Developing instruments to measure servant leadership
19 Principles of Ethical Leadership Pg. 387, Figure 15.2 - Ethics – is central to leadership because of: o The process of influence o The need to engage followers to accomplish mutual goals o The impact leaders have on establishing the organization’s values - Respects Others – treating others as ends (their own goals) rather than as means (to leaders’ personal goals) o Leader shall: Treat other people’s values and decisions with respect Allow others to be themselves with creative wants and desires Approach others with a sense of unconditional worth and value individual differences o Leader behaviours: Listens closely to subordinates Is empathic Is tolerant of opposing viewpoints - Serves Others – follower-centered – based on the altruistic principle of placing followers foremost in the leader’s plans o Leader’s have – A duty to help others pursue their own legitimate interests and goals To be stewards of the organization’s vision; in serving others they: clarify, nurture, and integrate the vision with, not for, organization members An ethical responsibility to make decisions that are beneficial to their followers’ welfare o Leader behaviours Mentoring behaviours Empowerment behaviours Team building behaviours Citizenship behaviours - Shows Justice – ethical leaders are concerned with issues of fairness and justice; they place issues of fairness at the center of their decision making o Leader’s shall – Adhere to principles of distributive justice o Leader behaviours All subordinates are treated in an equal manner In special treatment/special consideration situations, grounds for differential treatment are clear, reasonable, and based on sound moral values o Principles of Distributive Justice These principles are applied in different situations. To each person An equal share
20 According to individual need According to that person’s rights According to individual effort According to societal contribution According to merit - Manifests Honest – honest leaders are authentic but also sensitive to the feelings and attitudes of others o Leaders: Are not deceptive Tell the truth with a balance of openness and candor while monitoring what is appropriate to disclose in a particular situation o Leader behaviours Don’t promise what you cant deliver Don’t suppress obligations
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- Fall '13