Ruptured sense of belongingoCompared to TS Eliot’s writing1977 Leslie Marmon Silko “Ceremony”oOne of the most important works of literature oFollows special chronology oImpact of fiction in late 20thcentury°80s-90s Emergence of literary superstarSherman Alexi oStarted as a poetoCaptures and conveys current native American life Challenges modern Indian lifeViolenceoMost recent novel is a young adult novel been banned in about 30 states created feature filmso15 collections of poetry oGreatest American Indian writer today°Visual ArtsLate 19thcentury oProduced by natives bought by tourists
oCars promoted with incentive to create ability to go to see IndiansoLots of money in Native American communities Kachinas Not really their art to them oLots of fakes emerge1990 Indian Arts & Crafts ActoIllegal to sale artifacts that aren’t Indian produced oBig fines, 5-10 years in jail °Performance ArtAbout the moment James Lunao“artifact piece” 1987oShows how natives bodies are shown As if they were artifactsoMany thought they were real°Lecture 24- Indian Country Today°1.7% of population 5.2 million identify as American Indian/Alaskan Indian o2.9 identify as American Indian alongo2.3 said mixed heritage°-2000- first year able to check more than one box for race [multi box option] prior had to make a choice- had to privilege one ancestry over another
°-542 federally recognized Indian nations tribes 2/3 have fewer than 1,000 members°Cherokee NationMost widely dispersed Indian nation Found in every state300,000 people on tribal role as citizens800,000 identify as Cherokee (how people identify vs. actual enrolled citizens)200,000 live around Cherokee capital °Navajo Nation- most concentrated nation in US330,000 people enrolledLarger than Virginia170,000 live on reservation 4 cornersMany live in surrounding nation°Chippawa- very concentrated10% actually live on small reservations in Minnesotapopulation concentrated in 4 states around reserves MN, MI, ND°Sioux60% still reside in northern plainso½ live on/near reservations around North Dakota °Majority of native Americans
Live in cities- true for majority of population oLA, NYC, Phoenix, Albuquerque, Seattle, Tulsa, IndianapolisExcept NYC all past west of MISS river°2000-2010 American Indian population at 39%-40%Due to option to mark Native American as well as other groupsPeople self identify oSomething special about being native Indian Rise in interest in genealogy and ancestry A lot of people claim to have a Cherokee Grandmother°-Tribal ancestry- impossible by taking DNAno such thing as Creek bloodtribes are cultural and political entity rise of industry shows more and more people want to claim themselves as American Indian- looking for that affirmation °-Racism in enrollment politics have become a problemCherokee nation- racism °Federal recognition If not federally recognized cant have casinos°Lumbees- aren’t federally recognized Eastern band Cherokees in North Carolina don’t want Casino competition Say Lumbees don’t look like Indians (racism)BIA does list appearance as part of recognition
°Blood Politics and Tribal Enrollment
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