Philip young was a professor of english at various

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much the war had an affect on Nick. Philip Young was a professor of English at various schools all over the United States and Europe. He has written numerous novels and articles, many of which discuss Hemingway and his work. Also, he has won several scholarly awards for his work.
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55 Jung Artifact 1 – Paper 3 Draft 1 Comments Linda Jung WR150 A1 April 18, 2013 Paper 3 - Draft 1 The Harlem Renaissance was a cultural movement that occurred in the United States during the 1920’s. It had a very significant impart on the country, specifically to the African American race. This was the time period in which African American arts and culture flourished. Many key authors made a name for themselves during this period. However, one author did not associate himself with this time period despite the publication of his best work, Cane . Jean Toomer did not associate himself with the Harlem Renaissance largely because of his views on race. His novel even produced a lot of controversial arguments on its depiction of race and how that reflected Toomer. Race is a large debate among many scholars when they analyze Toomer’s text. Specifically, Charles T. Davis and Barbara Foley present two different analyses to the question of race and what matters when discussing it in Cane. In Davis’s essay “Jean Toomer and the South: Region and Race as Elements within a Literary Imagination”, he discusses the how geographic location ultimately affected the way Cane was written and later interpreted. More precisely, Toomer’s experience in the South had a large influence on the development of Cane and the portrayal of the African American race. Barbara Foley takes quite a different stance in this debate. In her essay “Jean Toomer’s Washington and the Politics of Class: From ‘Blue Veins’ to Seventh-Street Rebels”, she argues that the key point missing from many people’s discussion of the novel is class. She goes into
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56 depth describing Toomer’s socioeconomic background through his childhood to the time that Toomer wrote Cane . Foley uses this background to propel her argument that class matters when analyzing the text and its racial implications. Although both of these scholars provide valid arguments, they fail to look at the big picture. They offer arguments that place Toomer and Cane under a racial category when that was really the opposite of what he originally wanted. Toomer intended to keep his racial identity hidden throughout Cane . When Waldo Frank wrote the preface to Cane , Toomer’s impression was that “in so far as the racial thing went, it was evasive”. Which led him to ask himself, “Why should the reader know? Why should any such thing be incorporated…?” (Toomer 132). However, it is difficult to analyze the extent to which Toomer’s intentions hold true and it cannot be assumed that his influences geared him to produce African American literature. The text of Cane hints at a racial identity that is ambiguous and ultimately difficult to judge.
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