G LO B A L D E V E LO PM E N T S Ageing By 2030 the number of people aged 60

G lo b a l d e v e lo pm e n t s ageing by 2030 the

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G LO B A L D E V E LO PM E N T S
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Ageing - By 2030, the number of people aged 60 years and over is projected to grow from 901 million to 1.4 billion between 2015 and 2030. Older persons are expected to account for more than 25 percent of the populations in Europe and in Northern America, 20 percent in Oceania, 17 percent in Asia and in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), and 6 percent in Africa. This group is expected to grow the fastest in LAC with a 71 percent increase. Moreover, the number of older persons is expanding more rapidly than the numbers of persons in any other age group (UN DESA, 2015). Youth - According to the United Nations, the number of young persons between the ages of 15-24 is projected to increase from 1.2 billion in 2016 to 1.3 billion by 2030 with most of these young persons being in Africa and Asia. Currently more than half the world's population is under 25 years old, which is approximately 3.5 billion, and 15-24-year-olds make up 40 percent of the total number of persons unemployed globally. Urbanisation - More than 50 percent of the world’s population reside in urban areas and it is anticipated that this will increase to 60 percent by the year 2030 (UN, 2014). In terms of where the largest percentages of the world’s urban population reside, the LAC region ranks third in the world behind Asia and Europe (UN, 2014). Currently, 80 percent of the LAC population reside in urban settlements. This figure is expected to rise to 85 percent by 2030 (UN, 2015). As the world becomes more populous and interdependent, the number of population pressures and threats will become more numerous and complex, and will cross national boundaries. Chief amongst these will be mass migration, human and narcot- ics trafficking, terrorism, global pandemics, cyber-crime, urban- isation, resource scarcities and environmental degradation due to the effects of climate change. ENVIRONMENT AND NATURAL RESOURCES In 2030, the environment and climate change will continue to be one of the foremost issues on the global agenda. If significant, positive, global changes are not made now, the sobering con- sequences of higher temperatures, rising sea levels, stronger storms and hurricanes will result in the disappearance of more islands and coastal villages as well as greater loss of livelihoods, plant, human and animal lives. Depletion of natural resources such as terrestrial and marine ecosystems and destruction of the built environment do not bode well for the future, and can present worrying challenges by 2030. 29-30 V I S I O N 2 0 3 0 N AT I O N A L D E V E L O P M E N T S T R AT E GY 2 0 1 6 - 2 0 3 0 Reviewing Performance and Looking to the Future
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ENERGY The International Energy Agency’s (IEA) World Renewable Energy Outlook 2030-2050, estimates that the world’s energy requirements will increase by 55 percent during 2005‒2030. It is anticipated that 50 percent of the increase in total global energy demands will be attributed to China and India. Also, ‘unconventional’ sources of gas, particularly shale gas, will likely contribute two-thirds of the United States’ gas supply by the year 2030. Population
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