cognitive processes dealing with persons and their actions are different in a

Cognitive processes dealing with persons and their

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cognitive processes dealing with persons and their actions are different in a number of features”, i. e. there are more extensive inference processes, intensified evaluations and emotions, and a self-reference (ibid, p.79). Essentially this situation has not changed over the years, although the European social psychology has given important impulses for a more social social psychology in the areas of intergroup relations, minorities, and social representations. Around the turn of the century, critical voices within psySP once again multiply demanding more theoretical integration within social psychology as well as between social psychology and various neighboring disci- plines and asking for better applicability. (Frey, 2005; Van Lange, 2006) 4 . Especially, a more thorough consideration of interactive and societal processes in psySP is called for. For in- stance, Brewer wrote: “over the years, the process of legitimizing social psychology as a subfield of the disci- pline of psychology has led us to focus almost exclusively on the cognitive, motivational, and affective underpinnings of social behavior – treating these individual level processes as the building blocks of social processes.” ... „human perception, cognition, and motiva- tion have been shaped by and derived from the requirements of social living. Thus, the interdependence is the basis for integrality of the biological and social aspects of the hu- man phenotype .” (2004, p. 111-112; highlighted by the author) Other researchers criticize as well that current psySP puts the individual with its intrap- ersonal processes too much into the center, whereas real interaction with others and their social embeddedness remain rather insubstantial, only represented through arbi- trary stimuli (cf. in particular the articles by Bar-Tal, A. P. Fiske and Reis in Van Lange, 2006). All in all it has to be asserted that a reorientation towards the direction suggested by Cartwright and Graumann has hardly taken place, although such approaches do by all means exist (see several articles in McGarty & Haslam, 1997; Van Lange, 2006). However, most critics present no detailed evidence for their assessment of the state of psySP. This, therefore, will be given first in this article. Second, the causes of this one- sidedness will be reflected upon. Then, constructively turned, an increased considera- tion of the paradigms of interdependence theory and symbolic interactionism is recom-
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Pleading for a more social Social Psychology 5 mended. Finally, it will be shown how well these two paradigms can be linked to each other, as well as to the SC-approach; several further suggestions for the integrative de- velopment of social psychology will be given. Diagnosis of the psychological Social Psychology A suitable starting point for a diagnosis of the psySP should lie in definitions of the field. Very often reference is made to Gordon W. Allport’s definition formulated in 1954: “With few exceptions, social psychologists regard their discipline as an attempt to under-
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