Where because of the movement necessary to make a

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where, because of the movement necessary to make a living, they are not allowed any vote whatever, but are ratherconsidered a properly unprivileged class.As one little boy in asquatterscamp said, "When they need us they call us migrants, and when we've picked their crop,we're bums and we got to get out."VocabularyAgriculture - science and practice of farmingMigrants - someone who moves from place to place doing seasonal workMeted - dispense or hand out justice or punishmentPrimitive - not developed, simpleOstracized - exclude someone from a group, freeze outAdvocates- someone who supports or recommends somethingReservoir - supplyDestitute - without basic necessities, poor, pennilessBewildered - cause someone to be confused or frightenedPeon - unskilled farm worker, lower class, day laborerGrange - farm or countryside, rural landSquatters - person who unlawfully occupies a land or building
Source:The Harvest Gypsieswas originally published in seven parts theSan Francisco News, between October 5 and October 12, 1936. This excerpt comes from EricFoner’sVoices of Freedom - Volume 2.Harvest Gypsies - Analysis Questions:1)Close Reading:According to Steinbeck, why are migrants always hated?
2)Close Reading:In the past, where did the migrants come from? How were they treated?
3)Analysis:How would you describe thenew migrants (Dust Bowlmigrants), based on your reading of this primarysource?
4)Analysis:What does the little boy in the squatter’s camp mean when he says:“When they need us they call usmigrants, and when we've picked their crop, we're bums and we got to get out."What does that tell you about howthe Dust Bowlmigrants are viewed by others?
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________5)Analysis:Why do you think Steinbeck called this essay “Harvest Gypsies”?______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________for the purpose of establishing their histories and way of life (19).Steinbeckexplains the migrantsareconstantlykept on the move as they must follow the crops ready for harvest up and down thestate.________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________Primary Source Document Analysis - Starvation under the Orange Trees by John SteinbeckThe Spring is rich and green in California this year. In the fields the wild grass is ten inches high, and in the orchards andvineyards the grass is deep and nearly ready to be plowed under toenrichthe soil. Already the flowers are starting tobloom. Very shortly one of the oil companies will be broadcasting the locations of the wild-flower masses. It is a beautifulspring.There has been no war in California, no plague, no bombing of open towns and roads, no shelling of cities. It is abeautiful year. And thousands of families are starving in California. In the county seats thecoronersare filling in"malnutrition" in the spaces left for "causes of death." For some reason, a coroner shrinks from writing "starvation" when athin child is dead in a tent.

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